Институт за изследване на населението и човека
 
  • ПСИХОЛОГИЧНИ ИЗСЛЕДВАНИЯ
    PSIHOLOGICHNI IZSLEDVANIA
    PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH (in Bulgarian)
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    ISSN 1311-4700 (Print)
    ISSN 2367-4563  (Online)
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Година 2, Книжка 1-2 (1999)

ОБЩАТА СЕБЕОЦЕНКА: НЯКОИ ПРОБЛЕМИ НА НЕЙНОТО ДЕФИНИРАНЕ И ИЗМЕРВАНЕ
Маргарита Дилова
Абстракт:
Global self-esteem has been a widely used construct in the latest five decades, but still there is no clear and commonly accepted conceptualization of it. In the article is shown that the reason for that is its highly complex character. Different kinds of self-evaluative processes depending on the criterion used for evaluation are discussed, as well as the differentiation of cognitive and emotional components of self-esteem, and the possible factors, which contribute to the level of emotional component.
*Език на статията: Български
ПСИХОЛОГИЧНА ТИПОЛОГИЯ НА УЧИЛИЩНАТА АДМИНИСТРАЦИЯ
Елиана Пенчева
Абстракт:
The aim of this article is to analyze the relationship between psychological type and school leadership. The text is divided into three sections. The first section gives a short introduction to the type theory and to the MBTI as an instrument, based on it. The second section reviews literature, related to the type distributions of managers as a category. Three main tendencies of predominance are discussed: Judgement, Thinking-Judgement and Sensing-Thinking-Judging. On this background the third section reveals the main type characteristics of school leaders. Their similarities and differences with the overall managerial group are outlined. The focus is on the overrepresentation of the ESTJ type, accepted as a typical one for the school principals. The significant differences between this group and two samples of outstanding school administrators are commented. It is stressed that the best school leaders are intuitive, future oriented and rational thinking executives. Directions for coming research in Bulgarian context are drawn as a result of this review.
*Език на статията: Български
ИНТЕГРАТИВНА КОМПЛЕКСНОСТ НА ГЛАСОПОДАВАТЕЛИТЕ ПРИ АРГУМЕНТИРАНЕ ПОЗИЦИЯТА ИМ ЗА ПОЛИТИЧЕСКИ ИЗБОР
Антоанета Русинова-Христова
Абстракт:
The article presents an investigation of the integrative complexity level in the process of voter’s argumentation. The integrative complexity is analyzed as a level of differentiation and integration in the process of verbalized thinking and references. The sample includes 219 high students distinguished in relation to their participation in political election, place of residence and political orientation. The basic tendency is toward low level of integrative complexity in the argumentation process. The participation in political elections premises more arguments to its support. The investigated persons from Sofia have higher level of integrative complexity than those living in other big towns; in the same proportion are the scores between the persons with political orientation and those without it.
*Език на статията: Български
СОЦИАЛНИ НАГЛАСИ КЪМ ЖЕНИ, ПРЕЖИВЕЛИ СЕКСУАЛНО НАСИЛИЕ В БЪЛГАРИЯ
Мария Чомарова
Абстракт:
The article briefly presents the problem about the attitudes towards women survivals of sexual violence. Main part concerns the research of these attitudes in Bulgaria by means of “The Attitudes toward Women Rape Victims Scale” by Colleen Ward. The analysis shows that the traditional attitudes victimizing the raped women dominate in Bulgarian community. Measurement of attitudes registered significant gender differences. Women are more tolerant towards victims than men. The results are presented in details and discussed in comparison with some other analogous surveys.
*Език на статията: Български
ТЕОРЕТИЧЕН АНАЛИЗ НА ПРОБЛЕМА ЗА КАРИЕРНОТО РАЗВИТИЕ
Людмила Маринова
Абстракт:
Why career is so important? Most generally, career is something important as it represents people’s entire lives in the work environment. Work, furthermore, largely determines overall quality of life. That is why, career is a prime concern of employees. The responsibility for a career management lies in both individual and employing organization. The goal of career progress should be the acquisition and maintenance of an ability to respond flexibly to problems and opportunities, that happen by chance or in a usual way.
*Език на статията: Български
ВЛИЯНИЕ НА ДЕПРЕСИЯТА ВЪРХУ ПРЕРАБОТВАНЕТО НА СЪОТВЕТНАТА НА АЗА ИНФОРМАЦИЯ
Максимка Рашева
Абстракт:
Beck’s cognitive of depression proposes that the stressful events could activate a structure, called a self-schema leading to processing of self-relevant information in a negative manner.
The present study is designed to examine the influence of depression on self-schemata in nondepressed, mildly depressed, moderately depressed and severely depressed individuals in nonclinical samples.
The results indicate that nondepressed subjects have a self-structure containing positive elements. Mildly depressed and moderately depressed individuals possess self-schemata, in which more positive and less negative elements are incorporated. Severely depressed individual’s self-schema contains equality of both positive and negative elements.
*Език на статията: Български
МЕЖДУКУЛТУРНО СРАВНЕНИЕ НА ПРОФЕСИОНАЛЕН СТРЕС И ЦЕННОСТИ В ТРУДА ПРИ МЕНИДЖЪРИ
Веселина Русинова, Лидия Василева, Соня Жильова, Борян Андреев
Абстракт:
The aim of this study is to make a cross-cultural comparison on some parameters of occupational stress and work values in managers’ groups from five countries: Bulgaria, Rumania, Ukraine, Great Britain and Japan. The theoretical framework of this comparison is based on C. Cooper’s model of occupational stress and G. Hofstede’s theory on work values.
The results indicate significant differences between Bulgarian managers and those from other countries according to most of the occupational stress parameters and also to some dimensions of work values like: “individualism”, “power distance” and “masculinity”. These differences are caused mainly by some cultural peculiarities as well as by the changing social conditions in Bulgaria.
*Език на статията: Български
КУЛТУРА И ЦЕННОСТИ В АРАБСКОТО ОБЩЕСТВО – ТЕОРЕТИЧЕН АНАЛИЗ
Ихлас Абдул-Ракиб Саллам
Абстракт:
The contemporary Arab culture has three basic manifestations: (1) fundamentalist and traditionalist prevalent culture; (2) nomad, Christian and (3) urban subcultures and an anti-culture directed against the prevalent culture.
The relationships between them are a product of complicated interrelations among different aspects of social life. This tendency is marked in the three types of subcultures. An evidence for its stability are the psychosocial charcteristics of the family as a nucleus of social organization.
The pyramidal structure of the Arab family, where the islamic and traditional culture give the main role to mon is characterized by firm connections among family members, their interdependence and still strongly evident family solidarity (“assabiya”). The main function of marriage is the family reproduction and it is considered to be rather a social problem than a family one, which is resolved in the family. Analysis of the Arab culture during the last decades of the 20th century shows that a conflict between tradition and modern times takes place. The main contradiction is between the closed (traditional) values and the open (modern) ones that exist in society and culture.
*Език на статията: Български
НЕВРОПСИХОЛОГИЧНИ ПРОУЧВАНИЯ НА ГЛОБАЛНА И АНАЛИТИЧНА СТРАТЕГИЯ ПРИ ПРЕРАБОТКА НА ВЕРБАЛНА И НЕВЕРБАЛНА ИНФОРМАЦИЯ
Сийка Пенчева, Мария Величкова, Йорданка Лалова
Абстракт:
The present study has been performed on a large number of healthy adults and brain damaged patients with exact localized and lateralized process. The purpose is to examine the abilities for processing of verbal and nonverbal conflict stimuli. We use global or analytical strategy for recognition a lot of stimuli combinations. The results support the idea for processing lateralization (local and/or global) to the left or right cerebral hemisphere. We found some regularity in the visual perception depending on the experimental conditions.
*Език на статията: Български
РАЗВИТИЕ НА ПРЪСТОВИЯ ГНОЗИС У ДЕЦА ОТ 6 ДО 10-ГОДИШНА ВЪЗРАСТ
Богдана Александрова, Маргарита Терзиеваи, Евелина Богданова
Абстракт:
Finger localization and finger gnosis development are investigated in 188 children coming from 5 different age groups. The children are administered by Benton’s 60-item finger localization test and by a finger gnosis neuropsychological task. The data are compared to those of Benton and Wake and discussed in detail. The analysis of the development curves shows a marked improvement in finger localization ability within the studied age range and underscore the important role the integration of sensory information plays. The rate of finger names acquisition is somewhat slower and uneven especially within the youngest age groups.
*Език на статията: Български