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Институт за изследване на населението и човека
 
  • ПСИХОЛОГИЧНИ ИЗСЛЕДВАНИЯ
    PSIHOLOGICHNI IZSLEDVANIA
    PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH (in Bulgarian)
  •     
    ISSN 1311-4700 (Print)
    ISSN 2367-4563  (Online)

Година 7, Книжка 1 (2004)

СУБЕКТИВНО ПСИХИЧНО БЛАГОПОЛУЧИЕ НА БЪЛГАРСКИТЕ ЮНОШИ
Красимира Байчинска, Маргарита Стефанова
Абстракт:
This paper is focused on the concept “subjective” well-being as a relatively new one, discussed in modern psychology. It aims to outline the essence of the concept, to trace the development of research work and to specify some of the predictors of subjective well-being. Subjective well-being comprises satisfaction with life and happiness. These two components correlate with different variables-age, sex, income, religion, family status, social comparison, extraversion, personal traits. We provide results from a sample of 473 Bulgarian adolescents aged 16-20. Results refer to the effect age, sex and income on the subjective well-being. Results of cross-cultural comparison are also presented and discussed.
*Език на статията: Български
ТЕСТ НА СТРУП ПРИ ДЕЦА НА ВЪЗРАСТ ОТ 8 ДО 11 ГОДИНИ
Богдана Александрова, Евелина Богданова
Абстракт:
The present study, designed to investigate components of attention in children, addressed the development of the Stroop effect within the age span from 8 to 12 yrs. 192 school-aged children, coming from 4 age groups were individually administered the first Bulgarian adaptation (M.Raycheva, 1999) of the Golden version of the test (1978), together with the coding sub-test of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for children and a reading test, corresponding to their grade level.
The results show that age groups differ significantly in their performance on each of the three parts of the test, the interference score shows a significant age difference as well most pronounced b/n ages 8 and 9. The present results do not support the existence of significant sex differences, as they were found only in some of the age groups for some parts of the test. The analysis of performance for each age group indicated score on the word page to be less than score on the color page in ages 8 and 9 and almost the same for 10-yrs olds. The pattern of the scores for the oldest group is different and more like that of adults. The colour words selected for the Bulgarian adaptation and the necessity of a new version are discussed.
*Език на статията: Български
ЛИЧНОСТНИ ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКИ И СТРАТЕГИИ НА ИКОНОМИЧЕСКО ПОВЕДЕНИЕ В ПАЗАРНИ УСЛОВИЯ
Людмил Кръстев
Абстракт:
An attempt is made to investigate the impact of economy situation and some personal traits on the chois of specific strategies in economics behaviors. It is found that the individual search for an optimal personal coping with the complex and contradictory economy situation reflects the choice of specific economics acts. The results show that the peculiarities and stressful nature of the transactional period into a market economy, as well as some personal traits, strongly affect the individual strategies in economics behaviors.
*Език на статията: Български
ПСИХОЛОГИЧНИ ТИПОВЕ В РАЗЛИЧНИ ЕТНИЧЕСКИ ОБЩНОСТИ В БЪЛГАРИЯ
Ева Папазова
Абстракт:
A brief overview of Carl Jung type theory and MBTI empirical approach concerning interrelation ethnos-culture-type is presented. The aim of this study is to define and describe the typological preferences of five ethnic groups in Bulgaria – Bulgarians, Turks, Roma, Armenians and Jews. T he sample consists of 573 high school students with different ethnic origin. Five SRTT (Self – Selection Ratio Type Table) comparisons are made – between students of each ethnic group and the whole sample. The results show that each ethnic group has its own type preferences and type distribution. Bulgarians and Jews are predominanty N, NT, EP, NF, NP, EN and ENFP.Turks, Armenians and Roma are predominantly S and SJ. Turks and Roma are predominantly J. The results are consistent with the type theory and the relevant studies in the psychological literature.
*Език на статията: Български
РАЗВИТИЕ НА ОСЪЗНАВАНЕТО ОТ ПАЦИЕНТА НА НЕГОВИТЕ ЛИЧНИ КОМПЛЕКСИ (НА АНГЛ. ЕЗ.)
Бренда Донаху
Абстракт:
Статията прдлага кратко описание на патологичните комплекси и на някои конфликти, които могат да възникнат вследствие от тях. Представена е също и методиката ,,Измерител на осъзнаването на комплексите” (“Complex Awareness Measure”). Методиката може да се използва от тепапевтите и на двете равнища – индивидуална и семейна терапия, с цел развиването на осъзнаване от страна на пациентите, как техните собствени комплекси оперират. Това осъзнаване улеснява рационалното разрешаване на конфликтите, произтекли от комплексите, вместо тяхното несъзнателно отреагиране. Представени са и някои напътствия, как да се използва цитираният инструментариум в клиничната практика.
*Език на статията: Английски
СИМЛОГ-СЪВРЕМЕНЕН ПОДХОД ЗА ИЗСЛЕДВАНЕ НА ВЪТРЕГРУПОВИТЕ ОТНОШЕНИЯ И ЦЕННОСТИ
Биляна Великова
Абстракт:
This paper presents the SYMLOG as a contemporary way of approach, thar serves the purpose of analysis the phenomenon “life field” | Robert F. Bales and colleagues, 1979|. The acronym SYMLOG stands for “Systematic Multiple Level Observation of Groups”.
SYMLOG is a theory of personality and group dynamics integrated with a set of practical methods for measuring individual and group behavior. SYMLOG theory is a comprehensive unification of findings and theories from psychology, social psychology and sociology that was deservedly named “a new field theory”.
Particular attention is paid to advantages and limitations of the SYMLOG system, and also it is discussed its practical applications.
*Език на статията: Български
ОЦЕНКА НА УМЕНИЯТА ЗА УЧЕНЕ И СТИЛОВЕТЕ НА УЧЕНЕ ПРИ ОБУЧЕНИЕ НА МЕНИДЖЪРИ
Александър Пожарлиев
Абстракт:
This study presents Boyatzis’ and Kolb’s concepts of learning skills and learning styles, and the corresponding assessment tools. They are based on the experiential learning theory and the model of learning as a four-stage cycle. Boyatzis’ Learning Skills Profile and Kolb’s Learning Style Inventory were administered to 132 subjects. The goal of the undertaken research was determining the reliability and validity of LSP as a first step in it’s utilization as a managerial development tool. The results indicated that reliability and relational validity of the Bulgarian version in general are similar to the original one in relation to internal consistency coefficients, intercorrelation of the scales and correlation with LSI scales. In addition the results of the factor analysis as a whole were consistent with the provided framework. The Bulgarian study also confirms the findings of U.S. research that some revisions within several scales are needed to have clearer representation of the Kolb’s framework.
*Език на статията: Български
БЪРНАУТ И УЧИТЕЛСКАТА ПРОФЕСИЯ
Алхан Таха Фара
Абстракт:
A theoretical review on the typical for e phenomenon “burnout” is made. It reveals that this syndrome is a negative response to stressful experiences that one gets at work.
The analysis of burnout makes possible the revealing of its three component structure: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and low self-esteem. Specific manifestations of burnout in teacher’s profession in USA, West European countries and Bulgaria are shown. The results of empirical studies in this field made in some Arab countries – Kuwait, Jordania etc. are also analyzed cross-cultural. Similarities and differences among the countries unoler eshmahan are outlined. The necessity of further research iu the field of Arab countries is confirmed in order to achieve a duper understanding of burnout phenomenon among teachers.
*Език на статията: Български
ЛИЧНОСТНИ И СОЦИАЛНИ ДЕТЕРМИНАНТИ НА СТРЕС-СИМПТОМАТИКА ПРИ ЮНОШИ
Розина Попова
Абстракт:
The investigation of personal and social determinants of stress-symptomatics in adolescents is particularly actual nowadays. The age problems on the one hand and the situation of social transition on the other hand lead to serious problems in the psychic and social well-being of adolescents.
This study aims at evaluating the personal characteristics (anxiety, impulsiveness, seeking sensation, generalized expectations) and the social support as well as their effects on the post-traumatic stress symptomatic in adolescents.
The results point out strong effects of the localization of control and the social support provided by parents on the negative emotional status and stress symptomatics in the examined school children. The possibility the adolescents to go through stress status is very small when these two resources are present.
*Език на статията: Български