Институт за изследване на населението и човека
 
  • ПСИХОЛОГИЧНИ ИЗСЛЕДВАНИЯ
    PSIHOLOGICHNI IZSLEDVANIA
    PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH (in Bulgarian)
  •     
    ISSN 1311-4700 (Print)
    ISSN 2367-4563  (Online)
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Година 5, Книжка 2 (2002)

СТРАХЪТ ОТ УСПЕХА: РАЗВИТИЕ И СЪСТОЯНИЕ НА ПРОБЛЕМА
Маргарита Дилова
Абстракт:
The article presents an analytical review of the development and current state of the investigations on fear of success. Three phases in the development of the investigations are distinguished:
  • 1) Identification of the phenomenon in the context of studies on need for achievement;
  • 2) Explaining fear of success in the context of psychoanalytical theories and development of psychometric methods for its measurement as a personality trait;
  • 3) Studying structure and different kinds of fear of success. Unresolved problems concerning development, structure and different kinds of fear of success are pointed out.
*Език на статията: Български
МЕДИЙНИ ОРИЕНТАЦИИ И ОТНОШЕНИЕ КЪМ НАСИЛИЕТО В МЕДИИТЕ
Толя Стоицова
Абстракт:
The article presents results from a study concerning two major problems: First, we studied media orientation of young people toward traditional mass media – TV, radio broadcast, print, and the existing specific attitudes toward violence in mass media and aggression connecting them to individual cognitive styles and locus of control.
The sample included 154 students in mass communication majors from New Bulgarian University and University of Sofia. Results show the leading position of TV, second rank for radio, followed by Internet and print, both – newspapers and magazines. Factor analysis results proved the existence of three types of attitudes toward violence in mass media: two of them formed the end-sides of the continuum – pros and cons, and the third one expressed somewhat a tolerance toward “media violence”. Forth factor reflected subjects’ trust in mass media. The hypothesis about a correlation between specific attitudes and cognitive styles was proved. The other one – between attitudes toward violence in mass media and locus of control was rejected.
In the summary we made also a comparison between some of our results and those received in a similar study conducted by two Russian authors
*Език на статията: Български
ПСИХОЛОГИЧЕН АНАЛИЗ НА ЛИДЕРСКИТЕ СТИЛОВЕ
Веселина Русинова, Толя Стоицова, Елиана Пенчева, Лидия Василева, Антоанета Христова и Соня Жильова
Абстракт:
Some psychological theories about leadership styles are reviewed. According to the traditional classification the main styles of leadership are authoritarian, democratic and liberal. These styles are analyzed on the basis of differentiation criteria as: power and disadvantages. Another typology concerns two main dimensions of leadership behavior: work orientation and people orientation. Some theorists relate leadership to decision-making processes. According to another model, there are two types of leadership behavior – transactional and transformational. The transactional type is traditional is more creative and motivating subordinates. These two styles are influenced both by personality characteristics and the concrete situation.
*Език на статията: Български
НАСОКИ, РАЗВИТИЕ И ПЕРСПЕКТИВИ НА ФИНАНСОВАТА ПСИХОЛОГИЯ
Людмил Кръстев
Абстракт:
The exceptional greatness of the money in the countries with market economy and their role in the economical behavior of the person assign priority place of the financial psychology as an important constituent of the modern economical psychology. The aim of the current article is to make theoretical analysis and to point out the basic directions, the structure and the perspective researches in different fields of the financial psychology. It is treated of some basic questions, connected with the financial attitudes, the psychological aspects of debts, savings, gambling games and psychical divergence to monetary behavior. The deductions and generalizations done in the field of financial psychology, joined with its future development have a great importance, especially for the countries in transition to market economy.
*Език на статията: Български
МАРКЕТИНГ НА КОНСУЛТАНТСКИТЕ УСЛУГИ
Елена Михова и Сава Джонев
Абстракт:
The survey is a pilot one, establishing the initial customer profile for consultative services towards June 2001.
The most significant conclusions, which you can get acquainted with in the article, are:
  • - the existing correlation between a manager’s sex and his/her preferred choice of consulting services;
  • - the importance of the size of the managed group for the choice of specific services and even for their quantity.
The services, which the Organizational Development and Consulting Centre presents, are classified according to the Boston matrix: starts, cows, naughty kids, dogs. This gives us a good opportunity for strategic offered, on the basis of customer interests.
*Език на статията: Български
ВЛИЯНИЕ НА ДЕПРЕСИЯТА ВЪРХУ СОЦИАЛНАТА ПОДКРЕПА
Максимка Рашева
Абстракт:
The depressive state affects the extent to which one may seek and perceived social support. The aims of present study are to examine the influence of depression on social resources.
The results obtained indicate that mildly depressed subjects receive social support more difficultly that no depressed subjects. The levels of support’s satisfaction are decreased.
Moderately and severely depressed individuals report receiving the least social support from husband/spouse, relatives and friends. The support’s satisfaction, the extent of communication and intimacy, the levels of emotional and instrumental support are diminished.
*Език на статията: Български
БИНОКУЛЯРНО ТАХИСТОСКОПИЧНО ИЗСЛЕДВАНЕ НА ПРИЗНАЦИТЕ ЦВЯТ И ФОРМА ПРИ НЕВЕРБАЛНИ СТИМУЛИ
Йорданка Лалова и Камелия Стефанова
Абстракт:
The proposed test was applied to healthy male and female adults. The purpose is to study the ability to discriminate color and shape features in the event of binocular tachistoscopic presentation of dual combinations of color shapes. The test is computer based and we measure the reaction delay at answering. The results obtained do not exhibit any sex-based differences. Reaction delay tends to be longer when discriminating shapes rather than colors. Identical couples of stimuli take considerably shorter time to discriminate between than dissimilar ones.
*Език на статията: Български
ЗАКОНИТЕ НА ГЕТОТО
Радостина Антонова
Абстракт:
The article proposes an analysis of the existing norms, which determine the creating of the individual and group identity of the investigated population – Romano ethnic group.
The main groups of norms are related to distribution of power and to keeping the community boundaries. The are distributed according to the gender roles – the men hold the women are responsible for keeping the group boundaries.
At this stage of development of the Romano ethnic group, the existing norms are rather maladaptive and are an obstacle to the successful integration of the minority in the big society.
*Език на статията: Български