Institute for population and human studies
 
  • PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH (in Bulgarian)
    PSIHOLOGICHNI IZSLEDVANIA
    ПСИХОЛОГИЧНИ ИЗСЛЕДВАНИЯ
  •    
    ISSN 1311-4700    (Print)
    ISSN 2367-4563  (Online)
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Volume 1, Issue 1-2 (1998)

MONEY AS SIGN – A PSYCHOLOGICAL STUDY OF A PERSONAL MEANING OF MONEY
Elena Paspalanova, Penka Hristova
Abstract:
The value "material prosperity" has often been rated at the top of value hierarchy. Its core components is the concept of money. The reported study aims at revealing the meaning of the concept "money" using the procedure of content analysis of the free-format answers of the question: "What does money mean for you?". A. Maslows theory of needs hierarchy was used as a conceptual framework. 63 subjects (31 males and 32 females) were investigated. The content analysis of the received text reveals at least 11 themes concerning the meaning of money which were grouped into 6 broader categories:
  • 1. Importance of money.
  • 2. Money as an instrument for satisfying human needs.
  • 3. Money today.
  • 4. Ambivalent attitude toward money.
  • 5. Money as a sign.
  • 6. Emotions related to money.
Explicit meaning of money as a sign as well as their implicitly meaning (as an instrument) are discussed in the context of socio-demographic parameters. Results suggest that money as a sign has both explicit and implicit personal meaning. The meaning of money as an instrument for satisfying higher level personal needs is more expressed for women, students, and for younger people.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
GROUP INTERRELATIONS – CROSSETHNICAL BALANCE OR HOSTILITY
Tolya Stoitzova, Yolanda Zografova, Viktor Klincharski
Abstract:
The problem of ethnic interrelations is discussed in the frame of work of social changes taking part in Bulgaria today. The anomy is revealed as a present state of Bulgarian society. Four ethnic groups are investigated-Bulgarian, Turkish, Jewish and Armenian, in concern with their individual and group normative behaviors, social attitudes and social distances. The hypotheses about the increase of destructive and deviant behaviors, as well as the decrease in the regulative function of social norms in all ethnic groups are proved. In comparison with the interpersonal relations among people, belonging to one ethnic group, stronger negative attitudes and greater social distances characterized interethnic group relations. Jews appeared to be the most adaptive ethnic group with no significant differences with Bulgarians. The unexpectable results are connected, on the one hand, with Armenians, whose social group significantly differs with all other ethnic groups. On the other hand – Turkish subjects show the highest level of social norms behavior guidance. On the base of the results, we could conclude that a new interethnic equilibrium exists now in Bulgaria and the fear of appearance of dangerous ethnic conflicts is first ofall a political speculation, than a real possibility.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
OCCUPATIONAL STRESS AMONG POLICEMEN AND MEDICAL DOCTORS – CROSSCULTURAL STUDY
Vesselina Russinova, Lidia Vassileva, Sonnja Jiliova
Abstract:
The study is based on the model of occupational stress proposed by C. Cooper et al. The Occupational Stresss Indicator (OSI) method is used. The aim of the study is to reveal the differences in the major parameters of occupational stress among policemen and medical doctors in a cross-cultural aspect.The level of occupational stress is compared between German, Northern Ireland and Bulgarian policemen, as well as between English and Bulgarian medical doctors. The results of the cross-cultural comparison indicate that bBulgarian policemen and medical doctors show higher scores in most of the occupational stress parameters. This is mainly due to the macro-stressors and also to some cultural peculiarities of the Bulgarian population.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
CONTEMPORARY APPROACHES TO THE ASSESSMENT OF ATTENTION
Bogdana Alexandrova
Abstract:
In this paper current approaches to the assessment of attention are presented. The initial discussion focuses on the traditional methods of clinical assessment: psychometric tests which provide indirect information about attention, specific neuropsychological tests of attention and direct behavioral observation and measurement. CNS evoked-potential correlates of attention are also reviewed. At the end, a new experimental assessment method, incorporating the concept of attention within the framework of Information Processing Theory and Sternberg 's Additive Factor Method, is discussed. On the basis of recent research it is argued that the so called paradigmatic approach is a promising approach to the assessment of attention deficits.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
THE SENSE OF TOUCH – AN UNDERESTIMATE INFORMATION CHANNEL
Malina Jordanova
Abstract:
Предмет на настоящата статия е кожната чувствителност, един често пренебрегван сензорен вход. След кратък преглед на анатомичните структури, осъществяващи този вид възприятие, се изтъква необходимостта от проучвания в областта на тактилното възприятие. Разгледани са основните насоки в изследователските търсения в момента – използването на тактилната чувствителност като диагностичен критерий и рехабилитационно средство при пациенти с мозъчни увреди или тежки травми на ръцете и значението на тактилните програми за стимулация на преждевременно родени деца. Отделено е внимание и на практическото приложение на тактилната чувствителност за производство на протези, компенсиращи дефекти в зрителното и слуховото възприятие, както и за конструиране на сензорни системи за новите поколения роботи.
*Language of the article: English
FORMING A QUESTIONNAIRE EVALUATING THE PSYCHOSOMATIC COMPLAINTS BY SOMATIC HEALTHY PEOPLE
Anna Ivanova
Abstract:
The new definition of health based on the project "Health 2000" of the WHO is discussed. The importance of the evaluation of psychosomatic complaints is pointed out. An original Bulgarian method for analysis of this matter is developed and presented. The questionnaire consists of 36 items, describing several kinds of painful or unpleasant feelings and somatic or physic complaints by healthy people. Psychometric analysis on empirical data of different samples of workers are examined. The data obtained shows good objectivity and, reliability in accordance with Chronbach's à, and validity.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
KNOWLEDGE AND THE ALTERNATIVE NUCLEAR POWER STATION
Rumiana Bojinova
Abstract:
The study reveals the effect of knowledge on the behavioral strategies towards the Nuclear Power Station "Belene", depending on different kinds of motivation. The study involves 473 subjects, devided to different groups: station workers and people living in a different distance from the station:Svishtov, Pleven and Sofia. People who are professionally engaged are positively oriented towards building of the station. Rest of the people are strongly against such an alternative. That is obvious from their assessments, emotional states and goal-directed behaviors.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
BULGARIAN VALUE MODEL IN EUROPEAN PERSPECTIVE
Krassimira Baytchinska
Abstract:
The aim of this article is to describe the value model of the contemporary Bulgarian culture in the framework of East and West European culture taken as a whole. The data from teacher's samples participated in the biggest cross-cultural study of values in the 90s are used. Special attention is Bulgaria, Eastern and Western Europe. Hierarchical models that can easily describe the peculiarities of each culture are proposed. The results show that Bulgarian value model is centered around egalitarianism, conservatism and mastery. Comparative analysis reveals that it is similar to that of East European culture where egalitarianism and conservatism are also estimated of primary importance than these of harmony.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian