Institute for population and human studies
 
  • PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH (in Bulgarian)
    PSIHOLOGICHNI IZSLEDVANIA
    ПСИХОЛОГИЧНИ ИЗСЛЕДВАНИЯ
  •    
    ISSN 1311-4700    (Print)
    ISSN 2367-4563  (Online)
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Volume 3, Issue 1-2 (2000)

IMPACT OF NEED FOR SAFETY (NSAF) AND OF SITUATIONAL CONTEXT ON THE EXPECTATIONS FOR DANGER AND PREFERRED PREVENTIVE BEHAVIOURS
Angel Velichkov, Sonya Vassileva
Abstract:
In a previous study (Velichkov et al.,1998) stable individual differences in nSaf were found and they are related to differences in emotional reactivity in danger and safe situations. In this study we examine how people estimate potential risk for unpleasant events to occur in dark empty places. Independent variables are level of nSaf, degree of knowledge of the place and isolation from potential availability of other people. Additionally, correlations between nSaf and 5 preventive behaviours are examined. For each independent variable significant main affects are found indicating that when in unknowun place and in isolation from other people subjects expect more danger than when in well known places with potential availability of others. The estimated risk in all situational contexts is significantly lower for individuals who are also low in nSat. In contrast individuals with enhanced and high levels of nSaf prefer to face such places being equipped by means for protection and being accompanied by other person. These data show significant differences in perception and interpretation of situational context between individuals low in nSaf and all other levels of this drive.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
THE “TRAUMA-AFFECT” MODEL OF S. FREUD: PIONEERING PSYCHOLOGICAL EXPLANATIONS OF EMOTIONAL DISTURBANCES
Nikola Atanassov
Abstract:
Sigmund Freud is well-known as the founder of psychoanalysis. Up to the presence, however, many people do not differentiate between his early trauma-affect, or pathogenic memories model for the explanation of neurosis, and psychoanalysis proper. There are no publications in Bulgarian language so far shedding light on this early model. This article is outlining the basic concepts of the trauma-affect model: early traumatic experience, anxiety, unbearable ideas, defence, neurotic symptom, catharsis, as well as some modern interpretations of the model based on the contemporary human memory.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
NEED FOR ACHIEVEMENT AND LABOUR REALIZATION STRATEGIES IN GRADUATE STUDENTS
Rumiana Bojinova, Petko Panov
Abstract:
In a situation of social change in Bulgaria the problem of professional realization of young people is of a particular importance. At the same time such a situation could be a reliable occasion for conducting a specific research. The present investigation studied the influence of need for achievement on the choice of future labour realization strategies of 60 graduate students. The results obtained show that the high need achievement is connected to higher activity strategies. The students with high need for achievement are trying to start a suitable job for them though not graduated yet while the activity of the students with low need for achievement is predominantly an orientation in the labour market only.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
SEX SELF-CONSCIOUSNESS AND SEX PREFERENCES OF 2.5-3 YEARS OLD CHILDREN TOWARDS DIFFERENT AGE GROUPS
Ganka Ilieva
Abstract:
Sex preferences of 2,5-3 years old children are investigated in experimental settings. Influences vary among different age groups in forming the sex self-consciousness. Sex preferences toward children of the same age complement the actual idea as a representative for a defined gender, while sex preferences toward the adults form the projective idea of belonging to the defined gender. The investigation found that gender of old people does not differentiate small children’s sex preferences.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
LEFT, RIGHT AND MENTAL ROTATIONS: DEVELOPMENT AND INTERRELATION IN EARLY SCHOOL AGE
Bogdana Alexandrova, Evelina Bogdanova, Margarita Terzieva
Abstract:
This study focuses on the relation between mental rotation and right-left discrimination abilities in their developmental course. 194 children within the age range 6 to 10 yrs were administrated the Benton Right-Left Orientation Test, a task for right / left hand discrimination, and a mental rotation test. The results confirm that the investigated abilities are closely related. The most important finding of the present study concerns the demonstrated differences in this interrelation for different age groups. Obtained data are viewed in light of current knowledge that components of functionally integrated units attain maturity at different rates and at different times, and the complexity of the discrimination task.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
BULGARIAN VERSION OF THE PERCEIVED STRESS SCALE
Georgi Karastoyanov, Antoaneta Russinova-Hristova
Abstract:
The article reviews the development of a Bulgarian version of the perceived stress scale designed to measure the stress perceptions particularly when the individuals’ appraisal of the situation is of theoretical importance. A psychometric validation information on 14-item and 10-item versions of the scale is presented. Validity data are compared of two surveys on student and soldier samples. Construct validity information is provided showing the associations of the two versions of the scale with single item measures, anxiety and depression.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
THESAURUS OF BULGARIAN PERSONALITY ADJECTIVES (PSYCHOMETRIC STUDY)
Encho Gerganov, Valery Todorov
Abstract:
More than 11 600 Bulgarian words related to personality characteristics were selected from the Dictionary of Bulgarian language. After several iterations of reducing the number of words in the initial list according to some important criteria 1618 Bulgarian personality adjectives remained. 20-22 native speakers of Bulgarian have scaled these adjectives on four scales – frequency of usage, utility for describing personality, social desirability and clarity of meaning. High interrater reliability has been obtained for all scales. Cronbach Alpha varies from 0.89 to 0.98 and interrater correlation coefficients are in the range of 0.26 for “Utility” scale to 0.72 for Social desirability scale. Intercorrelation matrix of the four scales consists of high correlation coefficients with the exception of Social desirability scale whose correlation coefficients with other three scales vary from 0.20 to 0.27. The highest correlation (r = 0.81) is between the scales of frequency of usage and clarity of meaning. Scale values on the four scales for the first 500 most frequent Bulgarian adjectives are given in 4 tables. The adjectives in a given table are rank ordered according to scale values on the corresponding scale.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian