Institute for population and human studies
 
  • PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH (in Bulgarian)
    PSIHOLOGICHNI IZSLEDVANIA
    ПСИХОЛОГИЧНИ ИЗСЛЕДВАНИЯ
  •    
    ISSN 1311-4700    (Print)
    ISSN 2367-4563  (Online)
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Volume 10, Issue 1 (2007)

INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL SUPPORT AND HEALTH LOCUS OF CONTROL ON ADAPTATION TO CHRONIC ILLNESS
Maximka Rasheva
Abstract:
Psychosocial adaptation to chronic illness involve a mixture of variables from the physiological, affective, cognitive and behavioral domains. Recent researches focus on successful experience link to the psychosocial adaptation process (Liven et al., 2004). The aim of the present paper is to review the theoretical approaches and empirical data from researches on the associations between social support, health locus of control and psychological adjustment to chronic illness.
Knowledge of the impact, limitations, and mechanisms of social support for various patients leads to more accurate psychosocial assessments and better treatment plans (Roberts et al., 1994). Many researchers over the past few decades postulation that social support essentially predicts the outcome of physical and mental health for everyone (Corey, 2006).
The health locus of control is identified as an important psychological construct and crucial moderator and mediator within a variety of domains of health.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
PSYCHOSOCIAL IDENTITY STATUS IN RESEARCH, EDUCATIONAL AND CONSULTING PRACTICE
Krasimira Baychinska and Margarita Bakracheva
Abstract:
This article outlines the main results from study of the psychosocial identity statuses of Bulgarian adolescents and their possible application in the educational and consulting practice. This article attempts to outline the possibilities identity status to be applied not only in studies and predictive assumptions, but also in educational and consulting practice. The relation between psychosocial identity status and various forms of deviant and disadaptive behaviour is adduced. Authors suggest specific approaches towards prevention programmes and avoding the possible forms of asocial and antisocial behaviour.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
NOTION FOR “JUSTICE” AND “SOCIAL JUSTICE” - CULTURAL DIFFERENCES IN THEIR ASSOCIATIVE CONTENT
Antoaneta Hristova
Abstract:
The article presents the results from the investigation of the associative schemas related to the notions “justice” and “social justice”. The investigated persons include three ethnic groups – Bulgarians, Bulgarians with Turkish consciousness and Gipsy. The aim is to be defined similarities and differences in associative content among the groups – basis for specific ways of perceiving and thinking on the problems of the justice. The results outline specific content for the two investigated notions. For example, the lack of governmental regulation as a factor for social justice at Bulgarians; more complex associations at Bulgarians with Turkish consciousness; and specific personal, problem-oriented thinking at Gipsy. The results help communication processes having in mind the possibility for their implementation in political talking.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
BULGARIAN VERSION OF THE STROOP COLOUR AND WORD TEST
Margarita Raycheva, Bogdana Alexandrova and Evelina Bogdanova
Abstract:
The Stroop Color and Word test is a method for evaluating interference, a measure of effective executive control as part of the executive functions, and one of the neuropsychological methods for detecting early brain dysfunction. A normative study with two Bulgarian versions of this widely used in clinical and cognitive psychology test is presented here. 124 healthy subjects coming from 5 age groups were administerеd the first Bulgarian version and yet 101 subjects from the same 5 age groups were administered the second. Analyses confirm age significance for different test indicators in both versions and test order presentation. The second Bulgarian version is more sensitive to age differences and does not show changes in test indicators in alternating order presentation. Initial normative data for both versions is presented.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
PSYCHOMETRIC CHARACTERISTICS OF AN ASOCIAL BEHAVIOR RISK ASSESSMENT SCALE
Plamen Mirazchiyski
Abstract:
In the last several months our society has became witness of entire series of asocial acts and even heavy crimes committed by juveniles. For the asocial behavior is typical turning into stereotype of behavior and this increases the danger of transformation in heavier forms – antisocial, deviant and at last in delinquent, especially if lack of social concern is present. In the last several years except in the social work in prisons the risk assessment is also applied in predicting behavioral deviations for the juveniles and adolescents. The purpose of the current article is to present the creation and the analysis of an asocial behavior risk assessment instrument for students at the end of primary school (grade 4) which is part of a broader research. The conception, methodology and results of the research were described. Although the instrument is in a beginning stage of development it is distinguished with its high reliability and the data is promising for its criterion validity that would allow putting it into practice of the social workers and school counselors.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
METHODS OF PRECISION PERSUASION IN ADVERTISING – FROM CONSUMER APATHY TO BUYING DECISION
Diana Bakalova
Abstract:
Methods of precision persuasion and the role of psychology in advertising appear to become more significant nowadays, due to the constantly increasing number of commercial messages, which overwhelm consumers day by day. Traditional marketing and advertising prove to be insufficient, as far as they barely analyse the deep necessities, motivation, and situational factors, mediating the purchasing decision of modern consumers. Here come the latest trends in marketing, such as the representatives of Guerilla Marketing, to offer much more efficient approaches toward motivating consumer behaviour, as they directly attack the unconscious mental processes. Although some authors argue the morality of such methods, they undoubtedly reveal innovative principles and opportunities in the sphere of advertising, which can successfully be applied with regard to highly humane goals.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
HIERARCHICAL RELATIONS IN THE PROCESS OF SPEECH PERCEPTION AND THEIR CONFIRMATION IN THE IDENTIFICATION OF SPEECH SOUNDS BY PRE-SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN
Cvetanka Cenova
Abstract:
The article touches presents two basic theories, explaining the mechanisms of speech perception – motor and acoustic. Their confirmation is fund in an experimental examination of the identification of sounds and words by pre-school children with or without articulation defects. Two methods are used: a test containing a series of 132 words, and observation. A total of 268 children have been examined. Some quantitative differences have been ascertained between the two populations, as well as some common tendencies in the qualities of the perception process. The examined persons manifested several types of behaviour and useed different, in terms of informativeness, strategies in preceiving sounds and words. The data of the examination also reveal the role of the motor (kinesthetic), and of the hearing (acoustic) perception of the heard speech signals and show the interrelation between them. There has been testimony to both the motor and the acoustic theories, but it has been proved that hierarchically the acoustic signals stand higher in perceiving speech, as compared to the kinesthetic ones.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
INTERCULTURAL DIFFERENCES IN HEMISPHERIC LETERALIZATIO OF PHONEME'S PERCEPTUAL PROCESSING
Ivanka Assenova
Abstract:
The article presents the data from a comparative research on hemispheric lateralization of dichotic phonemic perception in four different ethnical groups – Bulgarian, Macedonian, Albanian and Gypsy children in primary school age.
The obtained results showed no differences between Bulgarian group and Macedonian group, but considerable differences between them and the two others groups. It is supposed that established peculiarities in cerebral organization of phonemic perception in these ethnical groups are caused by social and cultural factors and differences in life experience.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian