Institute for population and human studies
 
  • PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH (in Bulgarian)
    PSIHOLOGICHNI IZSLEDVANIA
    ПСИХОЛОГИЧНИ ИЗСЛЕДВАНИЯ
  •    
    ISSN 1311-4700    (Print)
    ISSN 2367-4563  (Online)
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Volume 13, Issue 1 (2010)

STRESS IN ADOPTED CHILDREN – FACTORS AND COPING STRATEGIES
Krasimira Baytchinska, Teodora Taneva
Abstract:
Till recently the public attitudes towards adoption in Bulgaria and all over the world was quite positive. Adoption is seen through the myth of “salvation” for all the parties participating in the adoption triad. The latest researches in the field of adoption focus on the reasons why this “salvation” often turns out to be problematic. The task of the current article is to present the experience of stress and the losses in the life of the adopted children. In the articles are described some factors that influence on the experience of stress, such as the age of the child, the parent-child interactions, the different ways in which the adopted children become aware of their adoption and how they integrate it in their lives. The article also puts accents on the different strategies for coping with the stress of adoption.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
LEARNING IN THE PERSPECTIVE OF LIFESPAN DEVELOPMENT
Еliana Pencheva
Abstract:
The aim of this paper is a conceptualization of learning as a phenomenon on the basis of lifespan developmental psychology. Its central idea about development which is not completed at adulthood but that it extends across the entire life course as an adaptive process of acquisition, maintenance, transformation, and attrition of psychological structures and functions is explained. The theory of selective optimization with compensation is examined as a very deep explanation of ontogenesis across the lifespan that afford an opportunity for extending the theme of capacity for adult learning. Development seen as an interaction between maturation, learning and aging puts learning, although implicitly, as a central category of analysis. The model of assimilative and accommodative coping throws an additional light on its nature. Empirical evidence on the dynamics of intellectual potential across the lifespan is suggested and some implications for adult education and learning are outlined on this basis. As a conclusion some ideas for extending the scope of the concept with non-cognitive components are proposed.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
VISUAL PERCEPTION OF BINOCULAR PRESENTED CONFLICT STIMULIS IN DEVELOPMENT
Yordanka lalova, Velichka Styokova, Lili Pirova
Abstract:
The aim of this study is a examination of global-analytical strategy for tachistoscopic binocular presentation of non-verbal conflict stimuly by healthy children of primary school age. The study includes 88 children from two age groups, examined by a test for a visual perception of non-verbal conflict stimuli (triangle, circle and square). Statistical processing was carried out by multi-variance dispersions-analysis ANOVA. The results show that the small group (1-st grade) discriminate the large piece (the whole) significantly easier than its constituent elements. As people getting older they loose those advantages in terms of visual non-verbal presented conflict stimuli, but increase the speed of response. Gender differences are observed in both groups of children.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
CAN WE MEASURE PERSONALITY TRAITS WITH UNFOLDING TECHNIQUE?
Encho Gerganov, TSveta Nikolova, Ina Mladenova
Abstract:
It is presented an experimental research for measuring of personality traits extraversion and neurotism applying four different approaches – classical psychometric approach, scalogram analysis, latent traits theory and unfolding technique. One and the same self assessment data gathered with Eysenk Personality Questionnaire in a research with participation of 120 Bulgarians were analyzed by the analytical procedures of the first three scaling theories. Three scales for both items and participants were obtained separately for the dimensions of extraversion and neurotism. An independent research applying the method of paired comparisons with participation of the same people was carried out a month after the first self assessment research. The participants in the second research had to indicate in each pair of items which item describes them better. The paired comparison data were analyzed by unfolding technique. New extraversion and neurotism scales were obtained for both participants and items. The correlation analysis of the first three scales shows high and statistically significant correlations. However, the scales obtained by the unfolding techniques are note correlated with the first three scales. This is interpreted as evidence that the participant use different self assessment strategy in the second procedure which refers to the ideal point approach to measuring of personality traits. It is given theoretical reasons that ideal point approach with data analysis by Coombs’ (1964) unfolding algorithm is more adequate for measuring of personality traits.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
MATERIALISTIC ORIENTATIONS–CORRELATES, CONCEPTUALIZATION, MEASUREMENT
Angel Velichkov
Abstract:
The paper describes the development of a method to measure materialistic value orientations. Based on the conceptual model proposed by Graham (1999).21 statements were formulated. The method was developed using data gathered in a sample of 121 subjects – all of them students at University. Exploratory factor analysis revealed three factors that describe materialistic values – happiness through material possessions, self-affirmation through luxury consumption and wealth as a mean to maintain high social status.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
AFFECTIVE JOB WELL-BEING AND MENTAL HEALTH SCALE - THEORETICAL BASIS AND PSYCHOMETRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Ergyul Tair
Abstract:
The aim of this study was to test the theoretically based structure of job related affective wellbeing and some aspects of mental health scale (Warr, 1990). The results from factor analysis that best described the structures of the job related affective wellbeing and mental health scale from Bulgarian sample were presented. In addition, available associations between work characteristics included in this study (job control and supportive organizational climate) and job related affective wellbeing on the one hand, and the some aspects of the mental health, of the other, were reported. The trends between gender, age and affective wellbeing and mental health were also included.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
METHOD OF MEASUREMENT OF PERFECTIONISM
Maximka Rasheva
Abstract:
The study evaluates the factor structure and psychometric properties of the Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale in Bulgarian sample. The results indicate that five of original six factors emerges in the factor analysis. The first component is a combination of two of Frost’s original factors: “Parental expectations” and “Parental criticism”. The remaining four components: “Organization”, “Concern over Mistakes”, “Personal Standards” and “Doubt about Action” are identical to the original factors. The scale and its subscales are found to have satisfactory internal consistencies. The subscales “Personal Standards” and “Organization” are associated with positive achievement striving. These factors have positive value on psychological health. Other subscales as “Concern over Mistakes”, “Doubt about Action” and “Parental Expectations and Criticism” are correlated with anxiety and depression. The scale has emerged as a psychometrically sound instrument and is of potential value and utility in studying the construct of perfectionism and its links with personality and psychopathology.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian