Institute for population and human studies
 
  • PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH (in Bulgarian)
    PSIHOLOGICHNI IZSLEDVANIA
    ПСИХОЛОГИЧНИ ИЗСЛЕДВАНИЯ
  •    
    ISSN 1311-4700    (Print)
    ISSN 2367-4563  (Online)
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Volume 14, Issue 1 (2011)

PERSONAL AND ORGANISATIONAL PREDICTORS OF JOB-RELATED AFFECTIVE WELL-BEING AND MENTAL HEALTH
Ergyul Tair
Abstract:
The aim of this study was to examine the causal associations between personality factors (e.g. big five factors) on the one hand, and some work characteristics of the other, and job-related affective well-being and mental health. The results established job control and supportive organizational climate as more predictive for the job-related affective well-being by comparison with the Big Five traits. Most of the measured personality traits had no associations with the job-related affective well-being and mental health’s dimensions. Only Neuroticism had weak associations with the most of the dimensions of the affective well-being. In addition, Consciousness and Agreeableness had weak associations with job-related mental health.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
SDQ AND SUBJECTIVE HEALTH IN SCHOOLCHILDREN AGED 11, 13 AND 15 – І PART
Bogdana Alexandrova, Evelina Bogdanova
Abstract:
This paper examines the administration and psychometric properties of the Self-report version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ, Goldman, 1997) in school-aged children aged 11, 13 and 15, as well as the impact of the assessed emotional, behavioural and communicative difficulties on their subjective health. The sample consists of 4854 adolescents from a representative Bulgarian study, part of the international survey ”Health behaviour in school-aged children - HBSC” held under the auspices of WHO. Adolescents’ self-reported health, psychosomatic complaints and life satisfaction were analyzed and compared according to the prevalence of the reported difficulties. Emotional problems proved to be a significant risk factor for lower subjective health indicators.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
DIFFERENT ASPECTS OF MENTAL HEALTH AND WELL-BEING IN ADOLESCENTS– ІІ PART
Bogdana Alexandrova, Evelina Bogdanova
Abstract:
The “Strengths and difficulties” questionnaire and The Mental Health Index were administered to school-aged children to study different aspects of mental health. 4854 Bulgarian adolescents (11, 13 and 15 yrs) coming from a country representative sample were investigated. The comparison of the results from these two different mental health measures show that worsening of mental health has a strong impact on the feeling for wellbeing and health-related quality of life, leading to their worsening too. Statistically significant sex and age differences are revealed – boys compared to girls as a whole give higher assessment of their mental health and more often define it as excellent; for both boys and girls with age a tendency for reporting of poorer mental health is observed.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
SYNDROME BURNOUT IN WORKERS IN THE FIELD OF SOCIAL ASSISTANCE
Stefka Doikova
Abstract:
The results of a survey in two directorates for social assistance in Haskovo region conducted with a sample of 80 persons tested. The main objective was to investigate the manifestations of the syndrome barnaut and influence of various factors on the environment on the syndrome as a whole and its rock-emotional exhaustion, reduced capacity and dehumanization. Establish the cut components of the syndrome are distinguished barnaut among workers in the field of social support from both departments. The most commonly occurs emotional component iztoshtenie.s higher among young professionals and less experienced. Dehumanization is manifested among non-symptomatic workers. Efficiency is reduced in both directions, effectiveness? There is efficiency in the performance of official duties?. Employees with longer service and older did not experience greater manifestations of the syndrome barnaut, they have established appropriate strategies to use appropriate spravyanei extinguishers. Among women working in this field components barnaut syndrome are prominent. In different directions in the activities of both social welfare departments are not observed significant differences in the manifestations of the syndrome. Barnaut syndrome parameters are close in nine departments regardless of differences in the serviced kontengenta klienti.Korelatsiyata between the total score of barnaut and emotional components iztashtienie and dehumanization is high. The values of the correlation between disability and barnaut is negative. Summarized results of the study found statistical significance of the events of the components of the syndrome barnaut workers in the field of social assistance in two directorates in Haskovo region.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
SCHOOL-RELATED STRESS AND SOCIAL SUPPORT AMONG BULGARIAN ADOLESCENTS. RESULTS FROM HBSC 2005/6
Elitsa Dimitrova, Lidiya Vasileva
Abstract:
The study focuses on the impact of school environment and the social support provided by parents, teachers and school-mates on school-related stress among Bulgarian adolescents. We utilize data from Health Behavior of School-Aged Children survey, conducted in 2006 in Bulgaria. The influence of the three sources of social support on children’s feeling of school-related stress is analyzed by the means of descriptive statistical methods and logistic regression models. When we control for various socio-demographic and psychological variables, the differential effect of age disappears but gender differences remain strong and significant. The results show also that the low academic achievements and the low satisfaction with school increase the school-related stress. Along with them, the lack of social support provided by the family as well as from the teachers in school also increase the probability the children to report higher level of stress. The feeling of support provided by school-mates does not appear as a significant predictor in the model. However, the results suggest that it does have some preventive effect of school-related stress.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
INFLUENCE OF SCHOOL SETTINGS ON RISK BEHAVIORS OF BULGARIAN ADOLESCENTS. RESULTS FROM MULTI-LEVEL ANALYSIS
Elitsa Dimitrova, Tatyana Kotzeva
Abstract:
The paper explores the impact of school settings of the risk behaviors of Bulgarian adolescents. The risk behaviors that we study are smoking, drinking, cannabis use, bullying others and early start of sexual life. The analysis is based on data from Health Behavior of School-Aged Children survey, conducted in 2006 in Bulgaria. We apply a multi-level modeling strategy in order to reveal the influence of school type on the variation in the risk behaviors of Bulgarian teenagers. We choose to apply random coefficient logit model. The result confirm that the adverse school environment (low levels of trust and support between school-mates and high levels of school-related stress) is associated with higher risk of smoking, drinking, cannabis use and aggressiveness towards others. In the “risky” schools age and gender differences vanish as we control for the effect of school environment. Most likely in such schools the children accept the risky habits of their school-mates and begin to reproduce them.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
TYPOLOGY OF PERFECTIONISM
Maximka Rasheva
Abstract:
The study investigates the typology of perfectionism based on the Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (Frost et al., 1990) in a sample of Bulgarian students. Clustering procedures yield two clusters of students interpreted as nonperfectionist and maladaptive perfectionists. Maladaptive perfectionist have high score on subscales “Concern over Mistakes”, “Parental Expectations and Criticism”, “Doubt about Actions”, “Personal Standards” and in lesser extent on “Organization”. Nonperfectionists have low scores on all five dimensions. The results also indicates, that maladaptive perfectionists show significantly higher levels of achievement motivation, anxiety and depression than nonperfectionists. Future directions for researches and the promotion of positive perfectionism are discussed.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
BULGARIAN ADAPTATION OF THE SELF-CONSCIOUSNESS SCALE
Margarita Dilova
Abstract:
The self-consciousness scale of Fenigstein, Scheier and Buss (1975) was translated into Bulgarian and its properties were investigated on a sample of 246 subjects. The subscales public self-consciousness and social anxiety have good reliability coefficients, but this is not the case with the private self-consciousness subscale. The discriminant validity of the three subscales was confirmed by showing, that they correlate with different aspects of self-esteem.
Consistent with some of the prior research, factor analysis revealed five underlying dimensions: two for private self-consciousness (self-reflectiveness and internal state awareness), two for public self-consciousness (style consciousness and appearance consciousness), and one for social anxiety, but these dimensions did not yield reliable subscales.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
LEADERSHIP STYLE IN THE SPEECHES OF FOUR BULGARIAN PRIME MINISTERS (IVAN GESHOV, ALEXANDER TSANKOV, ZHAN VIDENOV, IVAN KOSTOV)
Slavi Binev
Abstract:
The article presents the results for the study of the basic criteria of the prime minister's leadership style, which include: rules, order and control, personal integrity, Motev of affiliation, power motive, emotional balance and attitude towards the media (Binev, 2010). In addition, they included another 4 criteria that are clearly marked in litelaturata : experiences and interests, orientation towards task or people, conflict management and achievement motivation. Formulated criteria were analyzed by the method of content analysis on the speeches of four prime ministers, who in the previous study were evaluated and ranged as efficient and inefficient. The study analyzed 14 speeches of Ivan Geshov (41 pages), 8 speeches of Alexander Tsankov (81 pages), 12 statements of Zhan Videnov (83 pages) and 21 statements of Ivan Kostov (118 p.).Each criteria is evaluated as distinguishing effective from ineffective leadership style. Four criteria have not divisive power, namely: conflict management, personal integrity, achievement motive, and attitude towards media.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
IMPLICIT LEADERSHIP THEORIES OF BULGARIAN MANAGERS: CROSS-CULTURAL COMPARISON WITH 62 SOCIETIES
Kalin Yanev, Edvard Konrad
Abstract:
Implicit leadership theories can be considered as cognitive schemata or prototypes which enable a person to categorize the behavior of the leader. Successful leader performance depends on how the leader is perceived and then accepted by the followers. In the present study the implicit leadership theories of Bulgarian managers are compared to a large sample from 62 societies studied by the GLOBE project. Special attention is the comparison with the managers from the European countries. The implicit theories of Western European vs. Eastern, post-socialist managers and the relation of the Bulgarian sample to this division are studied. In general the results show closeness of the Bulgarian implicit theories to the ones of countries with which Bulgaria shares common past and has similar cultural-historical background. The practical and social implications of the findings are discussed.
*Language of the article: English
SELF-ESTEEM AS A MODERATOR OF THE AFFECTIVE BALANCE AND GENDER-ROLE ATTITUDES IN ADOLESCENCE
Eva Papazova
Abstract:
The aim of the article is to trace out and analyze the impact of gender-role attitudes on affective balance and self-esteem of adolescents, and to determine whether there is an interrelation between self-esteem and affective balance. The studied sample consists of 257 adolescents, aged between 13 and 20 years. The applied questionnaires are - Personal Attribute Questionnaire (Spence, Helmreich & Stapp, 1974, 1975), The Self-Esteem Inventory (Coopersmith, 1967), and Affect Scales: Positive Affect, Negative Affect, Affect Balance (Bradburn, 1969). The results showed that girls in the studied sample are characterized by significantly higher affective balance and lower negative affect than boys. Masculine and androgynous adolescents are not characterized by higher positive affect and positive affective balance, but they are with higher self-esteem than the feminine adolescents in the studied sample.
*Language of the article: English
KEY ASPECTS AND PROCESSES IN THE FORMATION OF THE PSYCHOLOGICAL PERSONALITY. OVER VIEW OF CONTEMPORARY PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORIES OF PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT.
Stefka Aleksandrova
Abstract:
In the following article I give prominence to the works of contemporary psychoanalysts who treat the processes going in the course of the individual’s development: differentiation, internalization, mentalization for individual’s integration, i.e. for the individual to become aware of himself as a well-informed subject who is able to perceive the object world.
The issues that interest me are the way an individual develops into a person, the factors that involve individual’s development, the significance and the casual basis of every evolutionary step into growing ,thickening and stratifying organization of the psyche In other words “why, how, what” is relatively normal in the process of growing and maturity of the person.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian