Institute for population and human studies
 
  • PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH (in Bulgarian)
    PSIHOLOGICHNI IZSLEDVANIA
    ПСИХОЛОГИЧНИ ИЗСЛЕДВАНИЯ
  •    
    ISSN 1311-4700    (Print)
    ISSN 2367-4563  (Online)
Due to some changes we are making to our website, the registrations and login are temporarily closed. Thank you for your patience!

Volume 15, Issue 1 (2012)

STANDARD OF CORRECT WRITING AND FOR SCREENING OF DYSLEXIA IN STUDENTS OF 2ND, 3RD AND 4TH GRADE
Tsvetanka Tsenova
Abstract:
The paper pinpoints the need of standard of correct writing that serves to adequate evaluation of writing skills in primary school children. A study of these skills in 1377 students of 2nd, 3rd and 4th grade is presented. Statistically significant differences between boys and girls and between students from different stages of training are demonstrated. Standard of correct writing in all populations (boys and girls of 2nd, 3rd and 4th grade) is identified and described. They can be used by different professionals (speech therapists, school psychologists, teachers) for quantitative assessment of performance in mastering of writing in these populations and for early identification of children with dyslexia - disorders of writing, reading, learning ability.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
STRUCTURE OF THE PHONOLOGICAL AWARENESS BY BULGARIAN CHILDREN
Katerina Shtereva
Abstract:
Phonological awareness is the conscious sensitivity to the sound structure of language, which includes the ability of identificatoion, isolation, blending, separation and manipulation of sounds of language. The speed of naming is a complex integration of many processes related to cognitive and linguistic area. The main objective of this experimental study is to examine the structure of the phenomenon of phonological awareness.
The result of the experimental study of 227 Bulgarian children by the author prove that phonological awareness and rapid naming are distinct components of the factor structure of the phenomenon phonological awareness and should be regarded as independent, autonomous and significant values.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
PERFECTIONISM AND DEPRESSION: THE ROLE OF RUMINATIVE TENDENCIES
Maximka Rasheva
Abstract:
The current study investigate the role of ruminative tendencies in mediating effects of perfectionism (Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale, Frost et al. 1990) on depressive symptoms and anxiety. The results show significant positive associations among maladaptive dimensions of perfectionism, rumination, depression and anxiety. The brooding component of ruminative response style fully or partially mediate the effects of perfectionism on depression and anxiety. These findings support the idea that ruminative tendencies are an important mechanism that can explain relationship between perfectionism, depression and anxiety.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
SITUATIONAL AND PERSONAL ANXIETY AT WOMEN WITH REPRODUCTIVE PROBLEMS
Krassimira Baytchinska, Milena Bojilova
Abstract:
The dysfunction of reproduction in recent years become increasingly common. Infertility is a part of our society. Today more people are affected by problems related to conception, pregnancy and childbirth. Our study is focused on one of the factors that we think are related to the dysfunction of reproduction- situational and personal anxiety.The shown results of the study on 300 women - 150 mothers and 150 women with infertility. The data confirm the hypothesis that there are differences in the anxiety of mothers and women infertile . The women with inferitile shown significantly higher levels of both situational and personal anxiety. The anxiety`s levels in women with reproductive problems do not depend on age, duration of infertility, the factors which determine the number of in vitro attempts. Therefore the diagnosis "infertility" on its own is traumatic factor that leads to increased anxiety.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
DEVELOPMENT OF DECISION-MAKING POTENTIAL DURING THE INTERVAL 15-55 YEARS
Eliana Pencheva
Abstract:
The aim of this article was to identify development of decision-making potential during the period 15 – 55 years, and to look for the effect of gender factor in this respect. A Bulgarian adaptation of Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), form G, was administered to 693 participants aged 15 to 55 (358 males and 335 females), distributed into 5 age categories. Nonlinear developmental trajectory of the decision – making capacity was outlined. Results, regarding the poles of Judging, showed descend of the Feeling style (F), which means respectively that the inclination towards Thinking decision-making style (T) is ascending with age. According to results, regarding the combinations of psychological functions by pairs, preferences to Conceptual (NF) and Analytical (NT) style descend and affinity to Directive style (ST) ascends with age. A small number of gender differences were registered.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
INDIVIDUAL AND PERSONALITY INFLUENCE ON SUBJECTIVE WELL-BEING
Ergyul Tair
Abstract:
In the last years subjective well-being (SWB) was one of the most investigated topics in the Psychology. Different theoretical directions in SWB studies can be bring to two main approaches as the present one is in the hedonic tradition. In the study were trace out a large body of research those analyses the impact of a variety individual and personality factors on subjective well-being. Also, the results of examination the effects of personality traits of the “Big Five” on the affective and cognitive components of the SWB in the sample of 367 subjects aged 22 to 67 were presented.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
ACCULTURATION AND/OR ETHNIC IDENTITY. INTERETHNIC SOCIAL DISTANCES AS CATALYST OF ETHNIC IDENTITY OF BULGARIANS, TURKS AND ROMA IN CONTEMPORARY BULGARIA /SOCIAL-PSYCHOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE/
Esma Riza
Abstract:
The article represents a theoretical overview of some of the theories of acculturation and presents a social-psychological analysis of the relation between acculturation and ethnic identity. It aims at answering the question whether it is possible to amend the ethnic identity in the process of acculturation. The article also presents the results from an empirical research on the interdependence between ethnic social distances and the degree of identity among ethnic Bulgarians, Turks and Roma from various cities of Bulgaria. The results demonstrate that the magnitude of social distance has predictive value regarding the degree of identity.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
BULGARIAN ADAPTATION OF THE SELF-CONSCIOUSNESS SCALE OF FNIGSTEIN, SCHEIER AND BUSS
Margarita Dilova, Albena Traykova, Inna Manoylova
Abstract:
The self-consciousness scale of Fenigstein, Scheier and Buss (1975) was translated into Bulgarian and its properties were investigated on a sample of 358 subjects. For the Bulgarian sample we obtained the same mean levels of private and public self-consciousness and social anxiety as in the initial sample. But factor analysis of the scale revealed two forms of private self-consciousness which correspond to the factors self-reflectiveness and internal state awareness, reported in literature . The last factor was named “self-knowledge” because it also included the awareness of one’s appearance to the others. Self-knowledge was positively related to level of self-esteem, while all other subscales – negatively.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
LEADERSHIP QUESTIONNAIRE MLQ 5X ADAPTATION FOR MILITARY ENVIRONMENT
Dimitar Dimitrov, Georgi Karastoyanov
Abstract:
This article presents an adaptation of the leadership questionnaire MLQ 5x, (edition 2004) in military environment. The questionnaire is based on transformational leadership model created by Bernard Bass (1985-2004). The validity, reliability and factor structure of the questionnaire has been confirmed.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
PSYCHOLOGICAL ADAPTATION OF COUPLES WITH REPRODUCTIVE PROBLEMS
Milena Bojilova
Abstract:
There is over 270 000 couples with reproductive problems in Bulgaria- a fact which should make us think about expanding the approaches for its resolving. Except for being a social problem, sterility is a big psychological problem also. In this article I have paid attention to the ” psyche-body” connection and to some of the main conceptions considering the genesis of psychosomatic problems. I have also gone through the emotional stages of sterility. I have suggested a program for “Psychological adaptation of couples with reproductive problems”, which through psychotherapeutic techniques comes into the complex approach for overcoming sterility. I have examined the group from the pilot project.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian