Institute for population and human studies
 
  • PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH (in Bulgarian)
    PSIHOLOGICHNI IZSLEDVANIA
    ПСИХОЛОГИЧНИ ИЗСЛЕДВАНИЯ
  •    
    ISSN 1311-4700    (Print)
    ISSN 2367-4563  (Online)
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Volume 17, Issue 1 (2014)

Individual features in need for closure in Bulgarian sample
Antoaneta Hristova, Boryan Andreev, Dilyana Veleva
Abstract:
The article presents the application of the method for determining the Kruglanski and Webster’s need for closer (Kruglanski, 1993). The need for closure is a psychological construct that is based on the lay epistemic theory and explains the motivational aspects of decision making. Widely applied construct raises serious discussions about its factor structure. Implementation in Bulgaria is part of a study of psychological characteristics in the context of political orientations. The publication focuses on the results for some individual characteristics in the event of the need for closure, as well as the factor structure of the methodology. Factor analysis clearly shows formation of four factors identical to the original methods and release of the fifth, which is partially included in the first factor. The results showed a preference for women and older people to the first factor, i.e. preference for order and structure. Respondents from small towns are more pronounced preference for predictability of future context, while those with secondary education - to perform the determination in future decisions.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
The problem of family partnership in the aspect of personality regulation of behavior
Rumiana Bozhinova, Marinela Petkova
Abstract:
We discuss the problem of relationships among personality dispositions and family interaction patterns. The affect of attachment style on these patterns is presented. We defend a position for more wide investigation on the role of personality factors from different level (Big Five personality traits, aggression and attachment style) and their combination in the couple as predictors of relationship quality.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
Affective balance and school environment at adolescence
Eva Papazova, Radostina Antonova
Abstract:
The aim of the article is to study and analyze the affective balance in adolescents from orphanages, segregated Roma school, mixed school and Bulgarian school. 309 adolescents were studied. Bradburn’s scales were used (Affect Scales: Positive Affect, Negative Affect, Affect Balance; Bradburn, 1969). The results showed that the adolescents from Bulgarian school were with higher positive affect than the adolescents from segregated Roma school and the adolescents from orphanages.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
INTRODUCTION TO COGNITIVE-EXPERIENTIAL SELF-THEORY. PRECONDITIONS AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE DUAL SYSTEM PROCESSING MODEL
Georgy Karastoyanov
Abstract:
The paper presents the cognitive-experiential self-theory (CEST) as a global theory of personality that coherently integrates the most important insights from the classic theories of personality such as self/phenomenological theory, learning theory, cognitive theory, psychoanalytic theory, and emotions theory. The Freudian maladaptive unconscious is substituted for an adaptive unconscious which is an associative, emotionally driven, automatic learning system. This system is referred to as an “experiential system” because it adapts by learning from experience empirically. Also, humans uniquely process information with a “rational system,” which is a verbal reasoning system. The two systems operate by different rules and attributes. They operate in parallel and are bi-directionally interactive, both simultaneously and sequentially.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
INTRODUCTION TO COGNITIVE-EXPERIENTIAL SELF-THEORY. THE CONTENT OF THE EXPERIENTIAL SYSTEM
Georgy Karastoyanov
Abstract:
The paper continues the presentation of the cognitive-experiential self-theory (CEST) analysing the content of the experiential system with an emphasis on basic needs and beliefs. There are two super-ordinate basic needs, the need to behave according to the hedonic principle and the need to control arousal, and there are four subordinate basic needs. All the subordinate basic needs are assumed to vary along two dimensions, a bipolar dimension of positive versus negative affect and a unipolar dimension of degree of cortical excitation. The four subordinate basic needs are sources of four corresponding basic beliefs people acquire based on their experiences regarding the fulfillment and frustration of their basic needs. These basic beliefs along with the basic needs are considered to be among the most important constructs in an implicit theory of reality.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
Ethnic identity and acculturation orientations of Turkish-Bulgarian adolescents
Ergyul Tair, Radosveta Dimitrova
Abstract:
We explored associations of ethnic identity and acculturation orientations in a sample of 360 Turkish-Bulgarian adolescents through self-report. Results showed that according to youth, their Turkish ethnic identity was more pronounced than their Bulgarian identity. A good fit was found for a path model in which ethnic identity and acculturation orientations were strongly related. As expected, Turkish identity was positively related to the tendency to maintain one’s Turkish heritage culture, whereas the Bulgarian identity was associated with the adaptation of the Bulgarian national culture. Our findings highlight the centrality of Turkish domains of identity and acculturation for Turkish-Bulgarian youth.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
Dominating ethic orientation and organizational citizenship behavior
Mayiana Mitevska-Encheva
Abstract:
The research records the impact of a dominating ethic orientation on organizational citizenship behaviors, specifies the reasons that incite people to be more involved in their work, to feel satisfied when accomplishing high results and to exceed role agreements at their workplace. The data are processed via the SPSS-16 standard packet of programs.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
Gender propaganda today. Secret impact on perceptions of gender roles through on-line media: VESTI.BG / NETINFO
Stanislav Inchovski-Turnin
Abstract:
The article present an results from eight month monitoring posts of the top online media in Bulgaria-Vesti.Bg. The findings and analysis are based on 80 articles related to gender roles and relations, published in the period. By sorting emipirichniya material in thematic groups and arrange titles in a thematic lines concludes that the broadcast media that deliberately and consistently message, approved a new social status of women and men for Bulgaria.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
Opportunities for psychological intervention in difficult school class
Ekaterina Dimitrova
Abstract:
The process is treating along with the main stages of bruising psychological intervention at difficult school class as a real social psychological phenomenon in the Bulgarian school. Emphasis is placed on the figure of the school psychologist - the professional, who necessarily must diagnose the degree of difficulty of a class in proper way and to take actions of normalization the direction.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
Impact of stress on the psychological functions and the psychosomatic cardiovascular conditions in humans: assessment by the heart rate variability method
P. Angelova1, E. Petrova
Abstract:
According to the neurovisceral integration model, several neural structures are involved in adaptations to psychoemotional stress, i.e. medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), insular cortex, amygdala, hypothalamus, medullar autonomic centers. These structures are organized hierarchically and the higher centers control and inhibit the lower ones. The mPFC is involved in the regulation of cognitive functions, emotion and social cognition, and cardiovascular functions. It constantly inhibits the amygdala and the sympathoexcitatory subcortical circuits responding to stress. The flexible brain system involved in adaptation may be evaluated through the heart rate variability (HRV). Individuals with greater ability for emotion regulation depending on the environment and the goals set have been shown to have greater levels of resting HRV. This parameter may reflect the level at which affective conditions dynamically influence the peripheral autonomic nervous system (ANS). The HRV fluctuations correlate with some somatic and psychological disorders. It is lower in a number of psychiatric conditions and is associated with the risk factors of the cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Psychological processes, such as emotional and social cognition, as well as psychosomatic conditions affecting the nervous and the cardiovascular system under stress may be easily evaluated by the physiological parameter heart rate variability.
*Language of the article: English
Effects of oxytocin in humans: Impact on the basic psychological processes of cognition, emotions and behavior. Role for the autonomic functions
P. Angelova1, E. Petrova 1, , Т. Vladimirov
Abstract:
Emotional intelligence enables individuals to be more effective in their personal and social life. The neural structures that support emotional and social intelligence overlap with the structures involved in autonomic functions and decision-making, i.e. ventromedial prefrontal cortex, amygdala and insular regions. Oxytocin (OT) facilitates social bonding by enhancing cognitive control from prefrontal regions to amygdala in order to regulate emotionality. It inhibits excitatory flow from the amygdala to brainstem sites mediating fear response and reduces social anxiety that results in a greater willingness to trust and bond to other people. OT has empathogenic properties and it`s agonists may be a useful therapy in enhancing socially motivated learning and emotional empathy in disorders such as autism and schizophrenia. This neuropeptide may promote mother–infant attachment. OT levels are associated with interactive synchrony between parent and child and appear to play an important role in promoting responsive parental caregiving. Increased values of heart rate variability (HRV) are associated with positive emotions such as cheerfulness and tranquility. Heart rate variability is a reliable indicator of the psychological background, of approach-related motivation and hence of the autonomic nervous system balance.
*Language of the article: English
Costs and benefits from health and safety management
Bistra Tzenova
Abstract:
The article is aimed at managers who wish to show leadership in safety and health (OSH), focusing on how companies and workers can work together to improve them. A management approach to OSH is revealed as the most effective against calculated risks, limiting uncertainties, improving productivity and profit margins.
Own analyses, based on recent research data from 495 subjects, reveal prevailing unfavorable psychosocial work conditions (management features) and stressors, health complaints, their significant interrelations, reflected in workers opinions on needed leaders action to improve working conditions and diminish stress sources at work. Prevailing leader styles in OHS are briefly discussed as well as key management principles for enhancing OHS. Evidence based practical advices for leaders for the development of effective management safety and health systems are delivered highlighting benchmarking possibilities to reveal best practices. A checklist to control the state of OSH in own companies is proposed.
The acknowledgement by managers of an active leadership role in safety and health is important for legal or ethical reasons, but also for sound business ones, leads to cconsiderable improvements in OSH.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
Investigation on quality of life of women with breast cancer
Zornitza Ganeva
Abstract:
Analysis of quality of life of women who have survived breast cancer was made in the article. It was measured by means of the Quality of Life in Adult Cancer Survivors (QLACS) scale (Avis et al., 2005). 42 women of Bulgarian origin at an average age of 48.79 years (at least 30 and 74 years at most) were studied. The reliability of the scale applied and of each of the 13 scales that build it was shown. The most often shown domains that influence the quality of life of the persons studied are the presence of cognitive problems, the experienced level of energy or fatigue, the perception of the appearance and the avoidance of social contacts. The most seldom mentioned domains are the presence of family-related distress and the distress over recurrence.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian