Institute for population and human studies
 
  • PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH (in Bulgarian)
    PSIHOLOGICHNI IZSLEDVANIA
    ПСИХОЛОГИЧНИ ИЗСЛЕДВАНИЯ
  •    
    ISSN 1311-4700    (Print)
    ISSN 2367-4563  (Online)
Due to some changes we are making to our website, the registrations and login are temporarily closed. Thank you for your patience!

Volume 7, Issue 2 (2004)

NATIONALISM, PATRIOTISM, INTERNATIONALISM – SIGNIFICANT RELATIONSHIPS WITH ATTITUDES TOWARDS THE WAR AND WITH THE PERSONAL AGGRESSIVENESS
Yolanda Zografova
Abstract:
The present paper outlines the social psychological perspective of nationalism research, which serves as basis of an experimental study of interrelations among patriotism, nationalism, internationalism, and attitudes towards civil rights, war, armament, as well as personal aggressiveness.
Several methods have been applied: Test of nationalism, patriotism, etc. by Kosterman and Feschbach; Test of attitudes toward war by Kosterman and Feschbach; Test of aggressiveness by Buss and Warren.
Data analysis reveals the existence of functional differences between nationalism and patriotism. Regarding either the correlations between those phenomena or their relations to antiwar views, it has been ascertained that correlation between nationalism and antiwar attitudes does not exist, and yet there has been a significant positive correlation between patriotism and antiwar attitudes. On the other hand, prowar attitudes are determined by both nationalism and personal aggressiveness.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
DEVELOPMENTAL DYSLEXIA-PERCEPTION OR PHONOLOGICAL DEFICIT
Vanya Matanova
Abstract:
This research aims to survey the visual perception of linguistic stimuli among children suffering from developmental dyslexia. 136 students aged from 9 to 12 years took part. After estimating the processes of decoding and reading comprehension they were divided into 4 groups as follows – normolexic, dyslexic, hyperlexic and children with nonspecific reading disabilities.
It has been established that the reading disorders are not a homogenous group. The specification of the various kinds of reading disorders could be based upon the abilities for perception of linguistic stimuli in different positions and in structurally different words.
The research proved that dyslexics used predominantly the model “up-down” due to salient decoding difficulties. The phonological deficit explains a few reading mistakes, mainly of grapho-phonemic correlation. It can be interpreted as a secondary upon the grounds of low decoding capabilities. As a result, sensory information “of poor quality” comes into the memory buffer.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
COGNITIVE AGE AS A MEDIATOR BETWEEN MOTIVATION AND BEHAVIOR IN RELATION WITH THE EU ACCESSION PROCESS
Tolya Stoitsova, Silvia Tzvetanska
Abstract:
The article makes an attempt for a theoretical establishment of the possibility the construct “cognitive age” to play one of the major mediator role in motivating people to support the efforts of Bulgarian state in becoming a member of the European Union.
In the first part of the article in connection with human needs, the nature and types of motivation – intrinsic, extrinsic and achievement motivation are briefly described in concern with the role of state administration servants in relation to EU accession process. The main focus is on the understanding of the construct “cognitive age”, the approaches of its empiric measurement, as well as the different ways of its application as a mediator.
The last part of the article is devoted to some specific characteristics of written communication. On the one hand, the understanding of communication as a sequence of the increased level of motivation in public administration is revealed, while on the other hand – written communication is discussed and its new elements for the Bulgarian state administration.
*Language of the article: English
SUBGECTIVE WELL-BEING MAIN APPROACHES OF ITS EXPLORATION
Teodora Yordanova
Abstract:
The article surveys the subjective well-being research within the framework of classic construct definition. Four approaches, examining the relations between SWB and basic variables - social comparison, environmental influences, personality and goals, are presented in the order of their chronological origin. The author's views of perspectives in this area are outlined.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
PHONOLOGICAL READING IN BULGARIAN AND GERMAN NORMAL READING AND DYSLEXIC CHILDREN
Andrey Popatanasov, Petra Georgieva and Bozhidar Dimitrov
Abstract:
This study aimed at the development of phonological processing in children. A set of hierarchically structured tasks was applied with specific control over different kinds of phonological coding (assembled vs. addressed strategies). A sample of 56 Bulgarian children with no reading problems and 22 children with developmental dyslexia was compared to a sample of 55 normal reading and 68 dyslexic German children. They performed 4 tasks: 1)reading non-words; 2)reading regular words; 3)reading texts; 4)reading with phonological transformation. Younger children demonstrated longer reading times and more errors than elder children for all tasks. German dyslexic children were slowest in non-word reading and Bulgarian dyslexic children had most difficulties with the phonological transformation task. Performance data indicated that whole-word reading abilities were developed earlier, thus requiring particular addressed phonological strategies. The improvement in assembled phonological strategies seemed to be of a lesser extent. Dyslexic children showed inefficient assembled phonological coding.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
THE COGNITIVE TRAINING IN THE THERAPY OF THE COGNITIVE DISTURBANCE OF THE ELDERLY
Polina Balkanska
Abstract:
The cognitive training is an important part in the third prevention of the dementia and other cognitive disturbances in late ages. A great practical significance is the solution of the problem for the possibilities of the cognitive training to assist positively for the activation and stimulation of the patients. There has been proposed a stimulation psychotherapeutic programme supporting social competence of these sickpersons in 3 principal directions: 1) increase of the possibilities for orientation; 2) maintenance of social contacts and 3) suppert of old confirmed behavioural habits.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
PERSONALITY, COGNITIVE STYLE AND DECISION-MAKING
Eliana Pencheva, Rumiana Boginova, Sonya Vassileva, Diana Boyanova
Abstract:
The literature relevant to the relationship between personality, cognitive and decision making styles is analyzed. The first part of the article represents the construct psychological type according to the theory of K.Jung, I.Myers and K.Briggs as embedding two other variables – cognitive style and decision making style. The second part covers research and theorizing on the cognitive style and interprets Kirton’s theory of adaptation-innovation cognitive style. The third part investigates the concept of decision making. The term decision making style is introduced and is specified through the ideas of R.Franken. On the basis of that conceptual framework a threefold model of the interaction “psychological type - cognitive style - decision making style” is suggested.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
METHODS FOR COMMUNICATION STYLES MEASUREMENT. THE INDIVIDUAL COMMUNICATION STYLES'INFLUENCE ON GROUP DECISION-MAKING
Bistra Mizova
Abstract:
The study of nature and the mechanisms of face-to-face communication as well as the dynamics of communication process is impossible without having into account the peculiarities of both channels of communication – verbal and nonverbal.
The dynamics between verbal and nonverbal modalities of communication reflects directly in the integral communication behaviors in different situations, which is labeled by many investigators as a communication style. In this article we present a complex of our own methods and specific procedure for the identification and measurement of communication styles. These styles are operationalized on the base of the phenomenological model of Schulz von Thun, who theoretisizes eight communication styles. At the end, a brief results from our own study try to perceive the influence of the individual communication style on group decision-making.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
SOME PSYCHOSOCIAL ASPECTS OF ALCOHOL DRINKING
Georgi Sarov
Abstract:
This article investigates some psychological and sociological factors associated with alcohol drinking in a randomly selected sample of 1051 individuals from both genders, aged 16-65. Significant positive associations were found between alcohol drinking and a complex of physiological (good health), psychosocial (a tendency for affiliation, preference of social values to health-related values) and psychological factors (hedonism, rigid habits). Indirect data were obtained about altered perception for physical activity and increased sensitivity to stress in alcohol drinkers that results in wrong statements and assessments of different aspects of the health-related behavior without altering cognition. These psychological and social features of alcohol drinking should be considered in structuring the design of the preventive interventions.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
SOCIAL-PERCEPTIONAL PECULIARITY IN CHILDREN WITH SPECIFIC EDUCATIONAL NEEDS
Silvia Tzvetkova
Abstract:
Although the special pedagogy in Bulgaria defines the heterogeneous category children with Specific Learning Disabilities as an object with more light neuro-psychological lapses, the interest towards the study, the characteristics, performances and the interpersonal relations these children grows up.
The social interpretation trend of the disorders and the disabilities in the development gives us base for investigation of the social and the personal alteration, the individual assessments and accents in children with Specific Educational Needs from Primary School stage.
The report consists of results and discussions of inquiries of students in different regions in the country.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian