Institute for population and human studies
 
  • PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH (in Bulgarian)
    PSIHOLOGICHNI IZSLEDVANIA
    ПСИХОЛОГИЧНИ ИЗСЛЕДВАНИЯ
  •    
    ISSN 1311-4700    (Print)
    ISSN 2367-4563  (Online)
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Volume 9, Issue 2 (2006)

NORMATIVE FEARS IN ADOLESCENCE AND YOUTH – PSYCHOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE
Eliana Pencheva, Encho Gerganov, Georgi Karastoyanov, Eva Papazova
Abstract:
The article presents a review of the normative fears in adolescence and youth literature. Theoretical treatments and empirical data are generalized concerning phenomenology, classification, age and gender differences as well as the assessment tools. Fear is considered as a normal experience, playing an integral role throughout the course of development and having and adaptive function. Its differences from anxiety as a construct with different cognitive composition are delineated. The different versions of the Fear Survey Schedules (FSS) for children and adults are mostly applied. The five-factor model proves its cross-national validity and is widely spread. It adequately reflects fear experiences that are characteristic for adolescence and youth. The necessity of studying normal fears in adolescence and youth profile and identifying their cultural specific developmental patterns is connected to the creation of supportive social environment that would facilitate young people socialization and psychic health promotion.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
ERIKSONIAN CRISES AND EGO STRENGTHS. INTIMACY VS,. ISOLATION
Margarita Stefanova-Bakracheva
Abstract:
This article outlines the epigenetic principle of ego development, introduced by Erik Erikson. It traces out the eight stages of personal development and the ego-strengths resulting from the successful solution of the developmental tasks. Accent is on the relation among the individual stages of ego development and the benefits and implications following each developmental stage. Focus is on the intimacy statuses, suggested by Orlofsky (1976). Similar to the status paradigm of identity (Marcia, 1966) and exploration of four psychosocial identity statuses, five intimacy statuses are outlined based on the degree of achieved intimacy and attachment and personal attainment. Author proposes analogy between conceptualization of identity and intimacy by the means of two bipolar dimensions – degree of attained choice vs. lack of choice and degree of personal engagement in the choice-making vs. lack of activity.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
DIAGNOSIS OF PERSONALITY DISORDERS AND SELF-HARM BEHAVIOUR
Hristina Martinova, Toni Donchev
Abstract:
The self-harm behavior is a phenomena related to large spectrum of intrinsic, social and economic factors. Identification of self-harm behaviour like a marker of adaptation is related to specific psychiatric pathology. Often that is the personality pathology.
Self-harm behaviours (self-injuries, suicides) are specific in each of cases because of unique of each person that make it. The methods of self-injuries and suicide attempts are “conventional” like reasons and personal motives that stay on “B-sides of them self’s”.
The question is: Are auto-aggression and suicide tendency determined by specifics personality malfunctions or they are a only, natural solution of situation?
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
ADOLESCENCE SELF-ESTEEM AND PSYCHOLOGICAL TYPE
Eva Papazova
Abstract:
The adolescent self-esteem presupposes multiple aspects of investigation and various approaches. One of those approaches examines the relation with the psychological type. By this opportunity the universal and basic aspects of the adolescent self-esteem could be outlined and studied. This article represents the results of an investigation of adolescent self-esteem and the psychological type. The methods applied are MBTI and Rosenberg Self-esteem scale. The sample includes 8th, 9th, 10th and 11th grade students (n=573). The results confirm the hypothesis that N (Intuitive) and P (Perceiving) types have higher self-esteem, and S (Sensing) and J (Judging) types have a lower self-esteem. The results are consistent with the type theory and the relevant studies.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
CROSS-CULTURAL ANALYSIS OF THE TYPES OF CONFLICTS AND THE STRATEGIES FOR THEIR RESOLUTION IN BULGARIA AND UKRAINE
Liudmyla Smokova
Abstract:
Types of conflicts and strategies for their resolution: cross-cultural analysis of Bulgaria and Ukraine. The present social-psychological research is focussed on the cross-cultural differences between the conflict types and conflict resolution strategies in two different by their nature societies - the Bulgarian and the Ukrainian. In spite of the fact that in the last decades both countries have been in an identical situation of social changes, after the fundamental changes which took place differenet in nature social processes are observed in the context of democratization. The road to globalization and European integration as well as the impact of dynamic social-economical and political changes in these countries contibuted to formation of new cultural models. Although all cultures are similar in the dilemas they confront and in the solutions they find, the cultural differences predetermine the occurence of different conflicts on interpersonal and intergroup level. National cultural differences predetermine the different choice of preferred conflict resolution strategies in the everyday life and in organization environments.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
MOOD REGULATION
Teodora Yordanova
Abstract:
Whereas many researchers have been interested in behavioral self-regulation, interest in the self-regulation of affect is recent. Mood system and mood regulation components are presented. A model of mood regulation is submitted, which draws on principles of maximizing positive and minimizing negative affects - other things being equal, people prefer to maintain a positive hedonic balance. A taxonomy of strategies and behaviors for remediating unpleasant affect and maintaining positive affect is presented. Influence of mood valency on the mood regulation are outlined.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
THE EGO AND THE MEDICINE WHEEL
Brenda Donahue
Abstract:
The story of the old Indian man demonstrates how the components of ego consciousness are interdependent and interrelated as well as how they function to support individual development. The old man’s behavior and spirit defined the movement of his life energy. His physical and dreaming bodies provided containment. His affect and soul gave him the energy to continue developing. He was receptive to the image of the hummingbird that arose from the collective human memory.
*Language of the article: English
PERCEPTIONS AND STEREOTYPES OF PHYSICAL ATTRACTIVENESS OF ORGANIZATIONAL MANAGERS
Victoria Nedeva
Abstract:
Physical attractiveness is considered to be an advantage for men and an obstacle for women in the managerial sphere. The aim of the present study is to reveal the way employees perceive their immediate superiors, when the last are attractive women and men managers. The influence of perceived physical attractiveness on the satisfaction of him/her is examined. The influence of sex of participants on the perception of an attractive manager and on the satisfaction with him/her is explored, too. Finally, profiles of attractive women and men managers are compared. Perceptions of women and men managers are investigated through a scale, containing characteristics of the ideal manager, especially created for this purpose and satisfaction of a manager is examined through a scale, too. An analysis of the results of this empirical study is presented.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
A COMPARISON BETWEEN SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS AND ATTITUDES IN PATIENTS IN HOSPITAL WITH ANAMNESIS OF REGULAR ALCOHOL ABUSE AND PSYCHOEMOTIONAL STRESS
Georgi Sarov
Abstract:
Risk behavior is difficult to explain. In this paper we compared psychosocial features and attitudes of inpatients with regular alcohol consumption (RAC, n=79) and regular stress (ST, n=198). It was found out that RAC professed more egocentric philosophy about life, analyzed better the nature of prevention, but had less conscious behavior control, expressed higher self-confidence, but felt more frequently depressive emotions and anxiety. ST looked better integrated in social environment, but paid for it with significant sacrifices. Probably the psychosocial consulting for increasing conscious behavior control (in RAC) and personal independence (in ST) might decrease the need for alcohol and frequency of stress-feelings, respectively.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
SELF-ESTEEM AND CONFORMITY OF PERSONALITY.
Irina Georgieva
Abstract:
In this article are presented fundamental psychology concepts of the interaction between the constructs self-esteem and conformity. It is presented an examination, which main purpose is to examine the nature of the interrelation between self-esteem and two different types of conformity – conformity to peers and general conformity / conformity to authoritative figures and rules/. Within the framework of the present study is not confirmed the hypothesis that conformity to peers is negatively related to self-esteem of personality. The questionnaires for conformity to peer and general conformity does not relate statistically significant to self-esteem scale of M. Rosenberg and the received correlation coefficients proved the weak and positive interrelation between the observed variables.
According to expectation, conformity to peers and general conformity are negatively and statistically significant interrelated, which supports the concept of two opposed types of influence, caused by coevals and other authoritative figures in the live of adolescents.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian