Institute for population and human studies
 
  • PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH (in Bulgarian)
    PSIHOLOGICHNI IZSLEDVANIA
    ПСИХОЛОГИЧНИ ИЗСЛЕДВАНИЯ
  •    
    ISSN 1311-4700    (Print)
    ISSN 2367-4563  (Online)
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Volume 10, Issue 2 (2007)

A CROSS-CULTURAL COMPARISON ON APPRAISALS OF WORK ORGANIZATION AND SATISFACTION WITH IT BETWEEN BULGARIA, MACEDONIA AND SERBIA
Vesselina Russinova, Elisaveta Sardzoska, Zoritca Markovich, Lidia Vasileva, Sonya Zhilyova
Abstract:
The following cross-cultural study conducted in Bulgaria, Macedonia and Serbia is aimed to compare appraisals about the level of work organization according to certain criteria and satisfaction with it. Two questionnaires are used: a Questionnaire for work analysis and its organization and a Questionnaire for work satisfaction. Results of the whole samples from the three countries are presented and analyzed as well as between groups from private and state firms and organizations.
Significant differences between the three counties are established according to the parameters of work content, its organization and satisfaction with them. It is supposed that ways of work organization and satisfaction with it depend to a great extent to the socio-economic conditions, culture and traditions in the three Balkan countries – Bulgaria, Macedonia and Serbia.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
FEATURES OF COMMUNICATION MOTIVES’ STRUCTURE IN STUDENTS DIFFERING IN ACHIEVEMENT DISPOSITION
Alyona Boldyreva
Abstract:
In the following article, communication motives’ structure is being compared using the criteria of the generalized achievement motive. Significant differences in the communication’s motives structure are revealed in students characterized by high or low level of achievement motive.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
SESSIONS AND ENCOUNTERS IN THE PRACTICE OF TWO LEADING PSYCHOTHERAPEUTIC APPROACHES
Rositza Georgieva, Nikolay Bavro
Abstract:
The concepts “setting”, “session”, “encounter” are review in the paper, and also some other loan-words, settled into the Bulgarian psychotherapeutic vocabulary. Specific conditions and therapeutic approaches are compared of two of the leading therapeutic schools – Psychoanalytic and Existential-Humanistic, particularly presented by the Carl Rogers’ Person-Centered Approach. Differences in organization, performance, and fundamentals of psychotherapeutic practice are discussed, and also some issues related to the confounding of concepts and techniques of incompatible paradigms.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
SOME PSYCHOLOGICAL FEATURES AND ATTITUDES IN ASSOCIATION WITH SMOKING ABSTENTION IN ADOLESCENTS
Georgi Sarov, Mihaela Sarova, Vesselina Russinova
Abstract:
This paper analyses simultaneously the association between smoking and different psychosocial attitudes and psychological features. We found that that heavy smoking adolescents are less likely to pursue high academic achievements and more likely to be emotional, extravert, and effective in intimate relations. Smokers and no-smokers seem to need different kind of social aims and use different kind of behavior regulations. In conclusion we suggest a hypothesis that smoking is a tool of a specific kind of strategy of living that does not value social goals but personal considerations, interpersonal relations and sexuality and we discuss the related changes in preventive strategies.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
THE PROBLEM OF THE ABANDONED CHILD IN THE CONTEXT OF SOME PSYCHOANALYTIC CHILD DEVELOPMENT THEORIES
Teodora Taneva
Abstract:
The focus of the present article is the abandoned child phenomena, traced in the context of some psychoanalytic child developmental theories. The article goes into details in the theories of Melanie Klein, John Bowlby and Donald Winnicott, because these are the authors who emphasize on the deep influence that the mother-child relationship has on the development of the psychologically healthy person. The theory of Melanie Klein analyses in depth the psychic life of the child through its fantasies, while the theories of John Bowlby and Donald Winnicott put the accent on the outward manifestations and the behaviour of the abandoned child. The three theories are not contradictory, they are rather complementary. Put together, they create a full vision of the abandoned child, both on the level of the intrapsychic experience of the abandonment and on the level of the outré reality. Thus we come closer to the unique world of the abandoned child and can describe it more fully, making it more understandable for the specialists from the different helping professions.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
THE CONCEPTS OF "SPORTSMAN", "POLITICIAN" AND "TERRORIST" IN YOUNG ADOLESCENCE
Ilina Nacheva
Abstract:
The present article reviews results from a survey, conducted in 2006 with 304 Bulgarian adolescents of age 12-13 from two different arias of inhabitation. Using qualitative and quantitative methods we analyzed texts, produced by the participants in response of the following stimuli: sportsman, politician and terrorist. The main goals of this survey were to clarify the contents of the cognitions, related to these three social roles, to analyze the affective component of the concepts and to test the significance of the influence, produced by different social background. Data are grouped in two main thematic modules. The first includes the way participants structure relevant information, description of the preferred strategies in explaining the meaning of the three words and analysis of the dominating affect within the texts. The second part is devoted to the differences between the two groups of participants in the survey.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF MEDIA TERRORISM: PRESS AND TELEVISION
Milena Filipova
Abstract:
The article considers the characteristics and psychological aspects of media terrorism. It discusses the role of massmedia in determining the agenda of terrorism. The differences in the TV and press coverage of terrorism are considered as well as the different affective reactions of the audience.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian