Institute for population and human studies
 
  • PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH (in Bulgarian)
    PSIHOLOGICHNI IZSLEDVANIA
    ПСИХОЛОГИЧНИ ИЗСЛЕДВАНИЯ
  •    
    ISSN 1311-4700    (Print)
    ISSN 2367-4563  (Online)
Due to some changes we are making to our website, the registrations and login are temporarily closed. Thank you for your patience!

Volume 12, Issue 2 (2009)

NOTION FOR SOCIAL CRISES
Antoaneta Hristova
Abstract:
The article presents investigation of the subjective content of the notion “social crises”. The Lakoff’s psycholinguistic approach is applied for research of notion and their structures. The content analysis is conducted on generated free associations for “social crises” and “social problems”. The results outline subjective semantic covering of the two notions. They give opportunity for their application in researches having in mind the possibilities for their operationalization.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
YOUNG PEOPLE’S CONCEPT OF THE ACTUAL REALITY IN BULGARIA
Rumyana Bojinova, Ergyul Tair
Abstract:
The aim of this study was to explore young people’s concepts of the actual reality and its change in the last 19 years. The whole period from the beginning of the social change in Bulgaria till now was ttraced out in 5 separates years: 1990, 1994, 2004, 2006 and 2009. For the purposes of the study some specially prepared methods were applied. The results established a domination of the negative reality perceptions for the entire examined period. For the young Bulgarian people, the actual reality was mostly tense, unpredictable, filled with conflicts and violence. The positive aspects of the reality occupied a subordinate place in youths’ notions. The positive perception of the actual reality endured decreases trough the years and gained its lowest rate in the last observed period.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
SOCIAL CRISIS THROUGH THE PRISM OF EXISTENTIAL PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHOTHERAPY
Rositza Georgieva, Nikolay Bavro
Abstract:
Within the progressive social and psychological paradigm crisis is perceived as difficult but necessary stage of movement from outdated to both innovative and refined forms of development. Within the terms of existential paradigm – crisis is a part of life that one should lead or subjectively – a different way of perceiving the world. Existential anxiety is a premonition of either frusstration or end of one’s life course. In contrast to neurotic anxiety it is caused by objective reasons, instead of an internal conflict. The global social crisis may prove to be one of these reasons.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
NATIONAL IDENTITY OF BULGARIAN ADOLESCENTS AND ITS DEVELOPMENT
Krassimira Baytchinska
Abstract:
The paper presents a new status approach to national identity and its formation in adolescence, elaborated by the author. It is focused on the results of a study of statuses of national identity of adolescents that was carried out in 2004 on 532 adolescents, pupils and students, aged 16-21. The results show that the most widely spread among Bulgarian adolescents is the status of moratorium (63%), followed by diffusion (16%), achieved identity (15%) and foreclosed identity (6%). The relationship between a motivation for еmigration and the statuses is also revealed. The results are discussed from the point of view of a need for psychological facilitation and support of the adolescents in the process of formation of their national identity.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
THE NECESSITIES MINIMIZING AMONG PARENTS AND TEACHERS AS A REASON FOR THE AGGRESSION IN THE SCHOOL
Elena Petkova
Abstract:
The expose thesis that the children’s and youth aggression and auto-aggression are only a reaction of the imposed by us, the adults, restrictions of their vitally important survival and development necessities. An argument to the thesis is the fact that in the period of the Bulgarian society impoverishment after 1989 incorrectly called “crisis” we, the aduilts – parents and teaschers minimized our basic human necessities exerting pressure upon the children to minimize their same necessities of food, warmth, healthy lifestyle and development.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
THE DIFFICULT CLASS – REAL SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY PROBLEM IN THE SCHOOL
Ecaterina Dimitrova
Abstract:
The article examines the difficult class as a social psychological problem in today`s Bulgarian school. The emphasis is on the used method for researching the difficult class, which is consists of 3 methods for self-report. Some of the reviewed significant results, distinguish clearly the difficult from the normal classes.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOUR AND VIOLENCE CASES IN SCHOOL
Nikolay Tchirpanliev
Abstract:
The aim of the study is to reveal the forms and peculiarities of violence in school setting. Data from more 1 000 pupils in the last two classes of secondary school were collected. The causes, factors and sources of aggressive behavior were analyzed and the important effect of family and school environment on the aggressive behavior was established. The main tendencies and purposes for prevention of violence in the school were discussed.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
THE SOCIAL CRISIS – IMPACT ON: RATES OF PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT IN CHILDREN UP TO FIVE YEARS AGE AND SOCIAL COPING BEHAVIOUR IN ADOLESCENTS
Anna Spasova, Sofia Shtereva-Katzarova, Borislava Krendeva, Aleksandra Gentcheva
Abstract:
The summary dwells on 2 important periods in the development of the personality, which on our opinion are in direct relation with the factors of the social environment. The age up to 5 years and adolescence.
As a result of a four year study and within the children’s play therapy, we traced changes in physical activity, cognitive interests and speech development in children, as a consequence of shifted parental influence, due to modernized methods of raising. It is accentuated on basic stages, like toddling, learning to speak, formation of hygienic habits, self-servicing and feeding, as well as various progress of play age with consequences for the early school age.
From 6 years e-therapy consults voluntarily teenagers within the internet space sites. On this basis, we have registered several types of problems in social coping behaviour of adolescents: difficult building up and maintenance of relationships between personalities, specific reflection of unsuccessful models and non-adequate self-assessment and inability of self-presentation.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
RISK BEHAVIORS OF THE BULGARIAN SCHOOL-AGED CHILDREN IN CONDITIONS OF SOCIAL CRISIS
Tatyana Kotzeva, Elitza Dimitrova
Abstract:
Family settings and socioeconomic factors play a key role in the physical, psychological and social development of children. In this paper we discuss the link between different types of risk behavior among Bulgarian school-aged children and some social activities (going out with friends, academic achievements, type of communication with the parents) and characteristics of children’s families (structure and material status). Data from the Bulgarian sample of the HBSC 2005/6 have been utilized. We constructed multiple index of risk behavior and employ logistic regression models in order to study the impact of different factors on it. The results show that The analysis proves that along with peers’ influence, school settings and the type of relationships with parents, socio-economic status of the family is a significant factor predicting the presence or absence of multiple risk behaviors among the Bulgarian school-aged children. The children raised in well-off families in Bulgaria are more likely to stick to behaviors that put at risk their health and wellbeing. Smoking, drinking, cannabis use, aggression towards the others or early start of sexual life is often misinterpreted by these teenagers as manifestations of maturity, independence and superior material position with respect to the others.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN PERFECTIONISM, ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION, ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION IN ATHLETES
Maximka Rasheva
Abstract:
Recent findings show that some facets of perfectionism are associated with anxiety and distress, whereas other facets are associated with positive characteristics as motivation and achievement. The aim of present study is to investigate how different facets of perfectionism are related to achievement and distress in athletes. Results showed that healthy perfectionism is characterized by higher levels on organization, higher personal standards and is associated with achievement motivation. Unhealthy perfectionism is characterized by perceptions of higher parental expectations and criticism, concern over mistakes, doubts about actions and is associated with anxiety and depression.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
RISK TO MENTAL HEALTH OF CHILDREN IN THE CONDITIONS OF SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC CRISIS PERIOD
Krassimira Kostadinova
Abstract:
In the report the mental health problems of children were discussed by public health approach, which accentuate on the influence of risk factors according to the extend of their dissemination and impact on the health in the period of social and economic crisis. Some negative tendencies concern to mental health promotion in childhood were described, based on statistic data analysis and results from researchs. Preventive means and strategies of overcoming them were offered.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
PRESSURE ON THE WORKPLACE AND PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PHYSICAL HEALTH
Vesselina Russinova, Sonya Zhilyova
Abstract:
The economical crisis in Bulgaria becomes more deep. Its dependence on the social crisis and especially its psychological parameters are insufficiently discussed.
The aim of the following study is to analyze the relation between pressure on the workplace, the sources of work stress that become more strong at the moment of crisis and the state of psychological and physical health of the employees.
The sample consists of 117 subjects from different professional fields having a status of employees with secondary and higher education. Two methods adapted and modified by Russinova, V., Vasileva, L., and Zhilyova, S. are used in the study: a modified and adapted Bulgarian version of the Insel and Moos questionnaire on the components of social climate at the workplace and the questionnaires on the sources of stress and physical and psychological health from the Cooper’s Occupational Stress Indicator.
The results received confirm the hypothesis about the strong relations between:
  • 1. work pressure and physical and psychological health;
  • 2. work pressure and subscales of the sources of occupational stress;
  • 3. sources of stress and the rated worse psychological and physical health. A close relation is revealed between pressure on the workplace, the sources of occupational stress, psychological and physical health of the employees and the management style in the organizations.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
STRESS AT WORK AND LONG-LASTING EFFECTS OF SOCIOECONOMIC TRANSITION
Bistra Tzenova
Abstract:
Sudden socioeconomic changes and long transitions should be in the focus researchers’ and practitioners’ attention because of their long-term sequences in adaptation and changes in employees and respective employing organizations. The relationships between recent leading socioeconomic factors and workplace psychosocial characteristics in Bulgaria, the incompliance between input efforts and reward (recognition), related stress and various well-being aspects are discussed on the basis of author’s and other studies.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
OCCUPATIONAL STRESS AND COPING STRATEGIES IN TEACHERS IN REFORM CONDITIONS
Valeri Stoyanov
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
CROSS-CULTURAL PERSPECTIVE TO ORGANIZATIONAL VALUES AND PRACTICES IN BULGARIA
Kalin Yanev
Abstract:
The study examines organizational culture for sample of Bulgarian middle level managers from telecom, food and financial industries. The cross-cultural methods of the international project GLOBE are applied. Organizational practices and values are measured on dimensions similar to the ones found by Hofstede and Bond. Their adequacy for organizational culture in Bulgaria is verified. Interrelations between them and other, independent variables are examined. The results are compared with finds for other cultures.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
OCCUPATIONAL STRESS SURVEY AMONG MINE INDUSTRY WORKERS USING COOPER’S OCCUPATIONAL STRESS INDICATOR
Dobril Kolev
Abstract:
Occupational stress is associated with the discrepancy between the demands of the workplace environment and the employees’ ability to carry out and complete these demands. There is a substantial body of literature relating to some of the most harmful occupational stressors: inadequate resources to do the job, worker participation schemes, downsizing, lack of job security, high demands, workload and time pressure as well as a number of health deteriorating physical and chemical environmental factors. Given the diversity and impact of the occupational stressors the current survey of the occupational stress among mine industry workers entailed the application of the Cooper’s Occupational Stress Indicator.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING AND OCCUPATIONAL STRESS
Dobril Kolev
Abstract:
Most recent research on occpational health and safety has shown that the workplace is one of the most salient stressogenic factors determining the employees’ psychological as well as physical well-being. Workplace environment correlates directly with the changing parameters of professional life. It has been proved that a number of complementary factors such as the information and communication technologies, the type of work organization, alterations in the working practice, staff reduction, decrease in demand and the ubuquitous globalization rank among one of the most potent job-related stressors. (Cox T, Rial – Gonzalez E. 2002)
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
RHETORICAL COMMUNICATION IN THE PERIOD OF SOCIAL CRISIS
Hristo Yordanov
Abstract:
In presents, World (Global) economic crisis includes all spheres of human activity and always contributes to appearance and establishment of social crisis. In this article the author examines rhetorical communication as an effective and promising mechanism for manages with the social problems and imperfections. The identity, functions of the participants and contextually determination of the rhetorical communication are explained as well as the possibilities for coping with the problems and overcoming the social crisis.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
VIRTUAL IDENTITY AND IDENTITY STYLE OF THE INTERNET CONSUMER
Margarita Bakracheva, Diana Bakalova
Abstract:
This article reviews the issue of virtual identity and identity style of the Internet consumer in the context of CMC dynamic development and expansion. The authors suggest an approach to studying virtual identity as a component of the general framework of psychosocial identity self-construction preferences. Own piloting results of a study among middle-aged (35-50 years) internet consumers are presented. Seven consumer profiles have been outlined in view of their identifications and activity as dimensions of virtual identity on social networking sites, and also the relation to identity style as a personal approach to construction, sustenance and reformulation of identity. The results evidence correlations between identity dimensions and identity styles of the respondents.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
CHALLENGES FOR CAREER COUNSELING IN CONDITIONS OF SOCIAL CHANGES
Margarita Bakracheva, Viktoriya Nedeva
Abstract:
The role of career counseling increases its significance in the dynamic and high competitive social context. Economic and social changes on their hand are related to a new specificity concerning the process of attaining and maintaining the professional identity. Authors have outlined the basic dimensions of these changes both on global level and for Bulgaria in particular. On this basis they propose modifications tailored to the specific context both on educational system level and particularized to the career consultants. Special accent is given to the need of change of the career counseling framework and prioritizing promotion of the subjective well-being. General objective is career and professional counseling to facilitate attaining and maintaining flexible and adaptive professional identity and high levels of subjective well-being.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF MENTAL WELL-BEING OF BULGARIANS AND ROMA IN CRISIS CONDITIONS
Zornitza Ganeva
Abstract:
A comparative analysis in terms of gender and age of mental well-being of Bulgarians and Roma in crisis conditions was made in the paper. It was measured by means of scale of optimism and pessimism (Life-Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R) (Scheier, Carver, & Bridges, 1994) and loneliness scale (UCLA Loneliness Scale) (Russell, Peplau & Cutrona, 1980). The reliability of the scales applied was covered, too. The results show that the Romany minority is both more pessimistically and more optimistically disposed in comparison with the group of the Bulgarians. Roma feel more lonely in comparison with the majority group. With Roma, with the increase of age, this feeling grows more intense.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
THE PSYCHODYNAMICS OF POLITICAL ECONOMY REDUCTIONISM AND THE CRISIS AS COVERING THE MASS CONSUMERISM COST
Plamen Dimitrov
Abstract:
This report argues that in the context of the current socioeconomic crisis the social psychological research of the dynamics of consumerism (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consumerism) is replacing a prior dominant analysis of economic coercion аnd social dependency. Social and managerial practices, public policy and mental contents emerging from mass consumerism and political economy reductionism act as defensive-compensation mechanisms against anxieties about the uncertainties and changes in the socioeconomic environment, where global markets dominate, and the consumer is pronounced “pseudo-sovereign”. Several working hypotheses are proposed to explain the operation of these psychosocial defense mechanisms and the related “secondary narcissism”. A new model of psychodynamic analysis is proposed for the exit models of the socioeconomic crisis – transformation of the interdependence in “consumer-provider” dyad.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
HEALTH AND PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING IN BULGARIAN ADOLESCENTS
Bogdana Alexandrova, Evelina Bogdanova, Lidiya Vasileva, Irina Todorova
Abstract:
This paper focuses on health and psychological well-being of young Bulgarian adolescents – aged 11 to 15, part of the first Bulgarian “Health Behaviour in School-aged Children – HBSC” study. Logistic regression models were used to analyse the impact of psychological, social and economic factors. The results show that family socio-economic status and social support have significant independent impacts on students’ health and subjective well-being. Bulgarian adolescents have more health and psychological complaints and are much more unsatisfied with their life compared to peers coming from Central and Eastern European countries (the former socialist countries).
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
ADOLESCENTS’ COMMUNICATION IN THE FAMILY AND WITH PEERS
Lidiya Vasileva, Evelina Bogdanova, Bogdana Alexandrova, Irina Todorova
Abstract:
The main tendency observed in communication between Bulgarian adolescents and their parents is that the percentage of those who report to talk easily to their mother and their father decreases with age. At the same time the relationships with peers get more intensive and tend to increase. Adolescents’ communication in the family and with peers has a significant impact on their life satisfaction. Good relationships with parents and with peers have positive influence on students’ socialization in the period of adolescence.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
VIRTUAL PSYCHOLOGICAL CONSULTING: OPPORTUNITY FOR COPING ON INDIVIDUAL LEVEL
Lidiya Vasileva, Malina Jordanova, Maksimka Rasheva, Rumiana Bojinova
Abstract:
The paper focuses on results of a survey addressing the influence of individual differences (age and gender) at clients’ attitudes towards Internet psychological consultations. It is a part of ongoing project OHN 1514/2005, funded by National Science Fund, Bulgaria. The first part of the survey was performed in spring 2006, while the second – in 2008.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
PSYCHOLOGYCAL PROFILE OF EVERGING ADULTHOOD (18029 YEARS)
Eliana Pencheva, Eva Papazova
Abstract:
Тhe aim of the article was to find whether the Bulgarians aged 18 – 29 are characterized by a specific personality profile. 459 participants: 230 aged 18 to 29, and 229 aged 30 to 60 were studied. A Bulgarian adaptation of MBTI questionnaire, form G, was applied for that purpose. Significant differences between the personality characteristics of the two studied age groups occurred. The younger participants differed from the elder ones by a predisposition to spontaneity, flexibility and curiosity (Р - Perception), which corresponds to the attributes of emerging adulthood, described in literature (Arnett, 2006; Blonigen еt al., 2008). Another distinguishing feature of that period was the preference for realism, practicality and responsibility in combination with attention towards the human factor and harmony in the relationships (ISFJ). Personality differences depending on “gender” factor were also established. These results support the idea of differentiation of a separate age period, named emerging adulthood.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian