Institute for population and human studies
 
  • PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH (in Bulgarian)
    PSIHOLOGICHNI IZSLEDVANIA
    ПСИХОЛОГИЧНИ ИЗСЛЕДВАНИЯ
  •    
    ISSN 1311-4700    (Print)
    ISSN 2367-4563  (Online)
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Volume 9, Issue 3 (2006)

PERSONAL TYPES ACCORDING TO MBTI
Sasho Kochankovski
*Language of the article: English
MEDIA COMMUNICATION: POSSIBILITIES FOR INFLUENCE
Tolya Stoitsova
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
POLITICAL PSYCHOLOGY AS A DISCIPLINE AND RESOURCES (“THE THIRD APPROACH” IN POLITICS, PSYCHOLOGY AND THE DISCURSIVE APPROACH)
Antoaneta Hristova
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
PSYCHOLOGY OF CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR (SOME PHILOSOPHY-PSYCHOLOGICAL VECTORS)
Kalin Gaydarov
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
NEOREICHIAN PSYCHOTHERAPEUTICAL MODEL OF PROF. DR. VALDO BERNASKONI AND ETHICAL REQUIREMENTS OF PSYCHOSOMATIC ANALYSIS
Stanislava Toncheva
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
WHO IS ON FOCUS?
Maria Senokozlieva
Abstract:
TV news are essentially cultural phenomena. Previous research suggests that the oftenoverlooked formal and implicit characteristics of newscasts may be systematically related to culture-specific characteristics. Investigating the personalisation of the news as one of these characteristics by means of a frame-by-frame content analysis is identified as a particularly promising methodological approach. To examine the relationship between culture and selected formal characteristics of newscasts (personalisation as one aspect among others), I present a part of an explorative study (Senokozlieva, Fischer, Bente, & Krämer, 2006) that compares material from the USA, the Arab world, and Germany. Results indicate that there are many significant differences, some of which are in line with expectations derived from cultural specifics. Specifically, we argue that the number of persons presented as well as the context in which they are presented differentiate across cultures and can be interpreted as indicators of Individualism/Collectivism. The conclusions underline the validity of the chosen methodological approach, but also demonstrate the need for more comprehensive and theorydriven category schemes.
*Language of the article: English
STUDY OF CLASSIFICATION BEHAVIOR IN CHILDREN FROM 3 TO 6 YEARS
Natali Doseva
Abstract:
The classification behavior of children is different form the one of adults, it is not performed in taxonomic manner, and often it is guided by other factors. Many authors are trying to analyze this phenomenon, but in spite of the exceptionally abundant empirical results from a multitude of projects, their assertions are contradictory. This challenged our research interest and provoked the present investigation of the categorization of children at the age of 3 through 6, whereas in two experiments we studied what categories (super-ordinate, basic and relative) the children form. For the purposes of the study models of furniture and animals were used, amongst which there are developed basic categories of fish, birds, chairs and tables, as well as super-ordinate categories of furniture and mammals. Each multitude is composed of 6 representatives of given category, three of which are prototypic and three are untypical members of the respective categories. In one of the experiments furniture models are introduced to the children, and in the other – animal models. The method of free classification is used and the instruction imposes rather free and unguided behavior to the children, information is not given about the unfamiliar objects from the introduced animals and furniture, the different members of the categories are not named by their specific subordinate names. The children are required to put together these toys/ animals, which they assess that have to be together in one place and in one group, thus forming several groups from the introduced toys/ animals. The results show that 3 and 4-year-old children are more inclined to form super-ordinate categories, especially if they do not recognize the objects and often they refer to inessential features such as color and size, whereas 5 and 6-year-olds form basic categories, they categorize on the basis of essential features of similarity both furniture and animals. On the other hand, 3 and 4-year-olds sense the relations of similarity in the furniture category, whereas the children at the age of five and half through six sort entirely on the basis of similar features.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
SEMANTIC CHARACTERISTICS OF THE WORD “POLITICIAN” IN STUDENTS FROM VITH TO VIITH SCHOOL GRADE
Ilina Nacheva
Abstract:
The article addresses the issues of political socialization by focusing on the concept of a “politician” by adolescents. It presents results from а survey, conducted among 109 Bulgarian scholars. The research was meant to outline the preferred strategies for verbal description of the meaning of the word “politician”, to explore the content of the cognitions connected with this word, and to elucidate the affective component of the concept. As shown by our survey, the participants had a sufficient amount of knowledge that enabled them at the age of 12-13 years to freely offer verbal description of the category “politician”, to outline its main characteristics, and to express their personal opinion about the members of this category. The schemata-like descriptions and the preferred display of prototypes within the category are to be connected to their relative lack of experience. The analysis of the affective component of the concept brought forth the hypothesis that a great number of young people in the contemporary Bulgarian society tended to demonstrate “political cynicism”.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
AGENDA SETTING AND ITS CHARACTERISTICS
Milena Filipova
Abstract:
The report is explained thе importance of mass medias, that take place in ordering and organisation of the world about as It is considered also the characteristics of agenda setting framing and priming effect.
*Language of the article: English
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE IDEAL MANAGER
Viktoriya Nedeva
Abstract:
In the present study, the image of the ideal manager is explored – the supervisor, who manages the organization, but at the same time motivates his/her subordinates and is concerned about their work satisfaction. Therefore, for the purposes of the empirical study, specificities of manager’s role and activity as well as classic and contemporary approaches towards leadership are presented. The aim of the conducted research is to analyze characteristics, which stereotype of the ideal manager is compounded of, through an evaluative scale, especially created for this purpose. Factors, forming this stereotype and their hierarchy are determined. The degree of physical attractiveness that is considered to be important for the ideal manager is part of the study, too. An analysis of the results of the investigation is presented.
*Language of the article: English
MEDIA INFLUENCE ON ADOLESCENTS LIFE: VIOLENCE AND SEXUALITY
Ergyul Tair
Abstract:
The increased importance of the role of mass media communications in the nowadays world explains the increased research interest to them. This work aims, on the one hand, to trail maybe the most researched area of the media violence and its influence on the youth, and on the other hand - to draw the attention to a less explored, but also discussion-provoking research area – the one of sexuality. There are reviewed some theories and research findings concerning these two areas, as well as some of our own researches regarding the mass media presented violence and its influence on adolescent emotional state.
*Language of the article: English
STRUCTURE OF ATTITUDES TOWARDS ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION: CREATION OF CROSS-NATIONAL CUMULATIVE SCALES
Kees van der Veer, Reidar Ommundsen, Knud S. Larsen, Hao Van Le, Krum Krumov, Regina E. Pernice, Gerardo Pastor Romans
Abstract:
The present study surveys the possibility of creating cumulative scales of the Mokken type that measurethe attitudes towards illegal aliens within a sample comprising nine nations. Initially, a total of 1407 respondents from national and regional Universities took part in screening Scale for illegal aliens including 20 items. The Scales revealed quite acceptable reliability with alpha coefficients ranging from .79 to .93. The applied Procrustes analysis (supporting factotial analysis) yielded congruent coefficients at the previously established three – factorial solution. The measured dispersion varied between 33.1% and 54.4%, thus supporting the presence of another factors in the attitudes toward illegal aliens. The analysis of the Mokken type scale provided strong, reliable and economic scales in two clusters of national samples.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
INFLUENCE OF SUBJECTIVE ASSESSMENT FOR SELF EFFECTIVENESS ON LEADERSHIP STYLES IN OFFICERS OF BULGARIAN ARMY
Svetlana Raitcheva
Abstract:
Subjective assessment for self effectiveness is a factor, which exercises significant influence on leadership styles used in commander activity from direct officers. Two questionnaires are applied: a modified version of “the Managerial Grid” with two subscales for defining the orientation of leadership style - towards task and relationships, in real and ideal (desirable) version; situational questionnaire for the evaluation, four leadership styles; and a test for self – efficacy. Descriptive and correlation analysis are applied to the obtained data. The results confirm, that the type of subjective assessment for self effectiveness is directly related to the way each commander exerts leadership role. A conclusion is made that the factor “subjective assessment for self effectiveness” can be used as a predictor and determination of leadership behavior in military environment.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
SELF-ACCEPTANCE, CHOICE OF LIVING AIMS AND FEELING OF HAPPINESS IN BULGARIAN STUDENTS
Boryan Andreev
Abstract:
In the present study was examined the relationship between selfacceptance, relationship with others, and their influence on life purposes choice. Moreover, it was investigated how this purposes correlated with sense of happiness. Results showed that positive selfacceptance, and positive relation with others, strongly correlated with altruistic purposes. It has been found significant influence of altruism on happiness. Selfacceptance based on apprehension of failure, without life mission, without engagement to the others, are not correlated with none of group of life purposes, and are connected only with conformism. The conformism showed negative influence on happiness. It was established high correlation among hedonistic life oriented purposes and purposes directed to financial success. But it was found that these group of life purposes have not influence on happiness.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF WORK WITH MASS MEDIA
Nikolay Palashev
Abstract:
The most essential moments in the field of corporative communications implementation are making creative relations and building up communication channels with the mass media. Stability of these communication channels is the main defining factor whether a communication policy is feasible within the framework of modern life. It depends on the correct understanding of certain psychological aspects of working with mass media.
Counting the subjections, in context of mass media, based on psychological receptions and formed by different common interests and values, actually defines a certain corporative communication as optimal and adequate. It shows us that not only the understanding of that process is important but also its management, related to two basic psychological levels, in terms of the modern corporative communications thesis - „involvement of the media” and „personal involvement of journalists”. Attaining the process management leads to achieving the individual’s communication goals, considered as equivalent participants in the communication process.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian