Institute for population and human studies
 
  • PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH (in Bulgarian)
    PSIHOLOGICHNI IZSLEDVANIA
    ПСИХОЛОГИЧНИ ИЗСЛЕДВАНИЯ
  •    
    ISSN 1311-4700    (Print)
    ISSN 2367-4563  (Online)
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Volume 12, Issue 3 (2009)

NATIONAL IDENTITY STATUS AND EMIGRATION MOTIVES IN BULGARIAN ADOLESCENTS
Krasimira Baytchinska, Savka Savova
Abstract:
The paper presents a new status approach to national identity and its formation in adolescence, elaborated by the authors. It is focused on the results of a study of statuses of national identity of adolescents that was carried out in 2004 on 532 adolescents, pupils and students, aged 16-21. The results show that the most widely spread among Bulgarian adolescents is the status of moratorium (63%), followed by diffusion (16%), achieved identity (15%) and foreclosed identity (6%). The relationship between a motivation for еmigration and the statuses is also revealed. The results are discussed from the point of view of development of national identity in the contemporary world – its collapse or its integration with other types of transnational identities.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
SOCIAL REPRESENTATIONS AND NORMATIVE REGULATIONS OF BULGARIAN STUDENTS OF THE EUROPEAN GENDER EQUALITY LAW
José F. Valencia, Zornitza Ganeva
Abstract:
In the two studies presented here, the role of the core and peripheral elements of the social representations are analysed as a function of both a) the induction of implication of the self with the object vs. not implication and b) the framing of the message (to eliminate discrimination vs. implementing equality) in case of the European Gender Equality Law in Bulgaria. The first study, manipulating the context personal (you yourself) versus substitution (society in general), produced a differential acceptance of the law in general: higher acceptance in the personal condition and lower in the substitution one. The second study, adding the condition of framing - restorative vs. improvement - as well as a measure of approach/avoidance orientation (BIS/BAS, Carver et al., 1994), found that neither the framing nor the motivational orientation influence the acceptance of the general aspects of the law, but did it, however, in the specific aspects, testing the congruency theory. Finally, the pertinence and relevance of the Theory of Social Representations to explain the different logics that the metasystem induces in the cognitive operations are discussed.
*Language of the article: English
A PERSPECTIVE ON THE PSYCHOLOGY OF INTRA-GROUP POLITICS AT THE UNITED NATIONS: THE AFRICAN GROUP
Robert Afriyie
Abstract:
The focus of this article is on highlighting noticeable trends in the African Group and its position on the ongoing one-and-a-half decade long negotiation on reform of the United Nations (UN) Security Council. These reform negotiations have proved to be one of the most complex and contentious of issues, generating a seemingly intractable series of negotiations seeking its resolution.
The study of the African Group’s quest for substantive political inclusion in the Security Council has been revealing of the kinds of intra-group dynamics at the UN. Multiple roles (i.e. “drivers”, “conductors”, “defenders”, “breakers” and “cruisers”) are assumed by individual countries in a group during the negotiations process.
Overall, the conclusions derived supports assert that it is a misconception to think of negotiating blocs at the UN as strictly unified or unanimous voting or negotiating groups. This is because, in reality, while these coalitions discuss issues together based on areas of mutual interest, they do not necessarily reach full agreement on all aspects of issues but may be able to attain consensus on a common bargaining position in order not to lose that clout as a group to competing blocs.
*Language of the article: English
LATENT STRUCTURE OF BULGARIAN PERSONALITY LEXICON
Valery Todorov
Abstract:
A list of 172 personality adjectives was selected from the Main list of Bulgarian personality descriptors (Gerganov & Todorov, 2000). Two types of personality ratings were collected on the adjectives from the list: self-ratings (n = 269) and other ratings (n = 3 × 60). The two samples were subjected to Principal component analysis with varimax rotation. Five to eleven factor solutions were obtained from the self-rating data, and five to nine from the other ratings. The content of the factors from the five-factor solutions in both samples showed close resemblance to the so-called Big Five. The second-order factor analysis of the 11- and 9-factor solutions also led to five-factor solution, similar to the Big Five.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
RAPID AUTOMATIC NAMING IN CHILDREN FROM 4 TO 7 YEARS OLD
Katerina shtereva
Abstract:
The speed of naming is a complex integration of many processes connected with the cognitive, perceptive and linguistic spheres. The rapid automatic naming (RAN) is the ability to reconstruct quickly a particular image and to pronounce its name. In the scientific circles is increasing the agreement with the fact that the rapid automatic naming is becoming different with the growth of chronological age and is connected with the ability of reading. In this article is presented personal research of 137 children from 4 to 7 years old. It reveals that by children between the age of 4 and 7 the speed of naming colours and subjects does almost not differ; it corroborates the standpoint that the rapid automatic naming increases with the growth of chronological age and 13% of the examined children show up with definitely low results regarding this ability. There is no proof of the suggestion that girls’ level of the rapid automatic naming is higher compared to the boys’ one.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
PHOTOTHERAPY APPLIED IN CONSULTING PRACTICE
Margarita Bakracheva
Abstract:
Article briefly outlines phototherapy as art-technique and the best domains for its application in consulting and therapeutic practice. Results from pilot project with 15 volunteers, aimed at promotion of self-esteem and well-being are discussed. Some illustrative material is included as example of phototherapy techniques application.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian
LANGUAGE LATERALIZATION AND SCHIZOPHRENIA: A STUDY WITH DICHOTIC LISTENING
Ivanka Asenova, Yoanna Andonova
Abstract:
The primary objective of the present study was to research functional hemispheric asymmetry for dichotic perception of CV-syllables in 28 men with schizophrenia. The control group consisted of 28 clinical healthy men of the same age.
Results indicated significant differences between the experimental and the control groups. The group of the patients with shizophrenia displayed greater frequency of right-hemispheric advantage or lack of hemispheric advantage, highly expressed hemispheric asymmetry and critically bad perceptive performance in comparison with the controls. These result``s support the assumption that schizophrenia is linked with disturbed pattern of the hemispheric asymmetries and interactions for language functions.
*Language of the article: Bulgarian