Psychological Research (in the Balkans) <section class="home-top"> <div class="top-info images-info col1"> <div id="topslideshow"> <div><img src="" alt="" width="402" height="502" /></div> <div><img src="" alt="" width="402" height="500" /></div> </div> </div> <div class="top-info col2"> <h6 class="textupper textbold">Published Since</h6> <h5 class="textupper textbold">1987</h5> <div class="textbold">Scholarly Journal of Psychology</div> <div class="textbold"> <p>ISSN 1311-4700 (Print)</p> <p>ISSN 2367-4563 (Online)</p> </div> <div> <p class="textbold">Print out:</p> <p>Two issues per year</p> <p>Issue 1 (January - June)</p> <p>Issue 2 (July - December)</p> </div> <div> <p class="textupper textbold">PUBLISHER</p> <p class="textupper"><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>BULGARIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES</strong></a></p> <p><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Institute for Population and Human Studies</strong></a></p> <p><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Department of Psychology</strong></a></p> </div> <div> <p class="textupper textbold">EDITORIAL OFFICE</p> <p>BULGARIA, Sofia 1113,</p> <p>Acad. Georgi Bonchev St., bld. 6, fl. 5</p> <p>E-mail: <strong><a href=""></a></strong></p> </div> </div> <div class="top-info col3"> <p>As of 2022, the <strong>Psychological Research (in the Balkans) Journal (PsyRB)</strong> provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.</p> <p><strong>"Psychological Research (in the Balkans)" (PsyRB)</strong> is devoted to advancing psychological science by providing an international platform for timely dissemination of important research ideas and findings. The focus of the journal is psychological research in the Balkans. Diverse countries coexist in this region in terms of EU membership and religion: countries with different cultures and customs. The specific problems of studying the psychological and social factors in combination with cross-cultural research will develop the knowledge of the region.</p> <p><strong>Psychological Research (in the Balkans) (PsyRB)</strong> goes beyond its original regional focus to feature high quality articles that address issues that challenging contemporary societies worldwide. It is a general-interest journal that publishes articles demonstrating scientific excellence across the entire spectrum of psychological science, including cognitive, social, developmental, educational, industrial, organizational, and health psychology, as well as cognitive neuroscience, and other related topics. The journal welcomes submissions, including empirical research articles, short reports, reviews, meta-analyses, replications and commentaries.</p> <p class="top-links"><a class="textbold" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">ERIH Plus</a> <a class="textbold" href="#" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Google Scholar</a> <a class="textbold" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">CEEOL</a>VINITI</p> </div> </section> <section class="home-bottom"> <div class="bottom-info col1"> <h3 class="title"><span class="accent-color"><strong>Forthcoming Articles</strong></span></h3> <div class="frth-article"> <div class="frth-title">Title</div> <div class="frth-button"><a href="">View Article</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="bottom-info col2 text-carousel-bottom"> <p><img src="" alt="" width="250" height="70" /></p> <p><strong>With the support of<br />MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE<br />NATIONAL SCIENCE FUND<br />under contract with NSF:<br /></strong>ДНП 02/38 – 28.06.2010<br />ДНП 03/57 – 12.12.2011<br />ДНП 04/29 – 11.12.2014<br />ДНП 05/ 14 – 20.12.2016<br />КП06—НП11/01 – 11.12.2018<br />КП -06-НП/51 – 18.12.2019<br />КП-06-НП2/2 – 02.12.2020<br />КП-06-НП3/ 68 – 18.12.2021<strong><br /></strong></p> </div> </section> en-US Fri, 10 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0200 OJS 60 Preconventional reading skills for 5-6 years old children from Bulgaria and Spain <p>The creation of the writing systems revolutionized the development of the human brain. Man learned to encrypt and decrypt information by utilizing additional symbols.</p> <p>Preconventional reading and writing skills, which develop from birth to 5 years of age, have a strong connection with later conventional literacy. Six variables have prognostic value for literacy: Alphabet Knowledge; Phonological Awareness; Rapid Automatic Naming; Writing Awareness; Short-term Phono- logical Memory. Five early skills also correlate moderately: Concept of Writing; Writing Knowledge; Readiness To Read; Spoken Language; Visual Processing (National Reading Panel, 2000).</p> <p><strong>The aim</strong> of this study is to identify the gender and age differences during the formation of preconven- tional reading skills and the correlation between the different components in children with two different phonological and writing systems (Bulgarian and Spanish).</p> <p><strong>The methodology</strong> of the study includes the use of the PreLec test in Spanish, adapted for Bulgarian. It consists of 4 subtests: 1. Knowledge Of Written Material; 2. Syllabic Awareness; 3. Phonemic Awareness; 4. Awareness Of The Written System. <br>In this study, 150 children are examined in the age range between 56 and 72 months from Bulgaria and Spain.<br><br></p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> There are no statistically significant differences between the four subtests. For Bulgarian and Spanish children some differences are observed in subtest 4 (Awareness Of The Written System) with girls performing better.</p> <p>No statistically significant age differences were found in three of the subtests (Knowledge Of The Written Material, Syllabic Awareness, Awareness Of The Written System). A statistically significant difference is only observed for Subtest 3 (Phonemic Awareness), most likely because at that age awareness of the phoneme level is still under improvement.</p> <p>For Bulgarian and Spanish children Knowledge Of The Written Material is in a moderate connection with Syllabic Awareness. On the other hand, Syllabic Awareness for the two groups of children is moderately linked to Phonemic Awareness. An interesting fact is that we find some differences in Awareness Of The Written System: in Bulgarian children, it exhibits a significant correlation with the Phonemic Awareness, while for the Spanish children it is in moderate connection with Knowledge Of The Written Material.</p> Katerina SHTEREVA, Anelia IOTOVA Copyright (c) 2020 Psychological Research (in the Balkans) Wed, 10 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0300 Adaptation transition to kindergarten – significance and factors <p>Each person in his life goes through different stages of development, associated with different characteristics, performance of different individual, social and cultural rituals and achievement of different skills. Children go through their own stages of development, marked by specific characteristics and rituals. During these transitions, children are constantly adapting to the requirements and opportunities associated with new situations and stages.</p> <p>The adaptive transition of the child from the family environment to the kindergarten is associated with<br>many changes in the life of the child and the family. This period is often full of excitement, tension and<br>significant challenges, and requires efforts on the part of both parents and children, as well as teachers<br>and educators from kindergartens.</p> <p>The aim of the present work is to trace the different practical approaches for adaptation to kindergar-<br>tens, based on the basic psychological theories and establishing the influence of specific socio-psycholog-<br>ical factors related to these processes. Based on this - to identify effective forms of work and influence on<br>these processes and at a later stage to propose, test and validate standard and improved programs for the<br>application of more efficient models.</p> Nadia MATEEVA Copyright (c) 2020 Psychological Research (in the Balkans) Wed, 10 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0300 Food for thought in the ‘Bread and Circuses’ documentary <p>The article presents an empirical study testing experimentally to what extent good documentary films can serve as a tool for influencing deeply rooted beliefs and attitudes towards the Roma. The study is based on a rare experiment involving students and a series of discussions with teachers that fit into the theory and tradition of deliberation for internal and external change. The main conclusion is that the strong professional message of the cinema makes a positive shift in the attitudes towards the equal integration of the Roma. The film “Bread and Circuses” from director Jackie Stoev provides an example how negative attitudes of young people towards one of the most stigmatized groups in Bulgarian society can be overturned.</p> Boyan ZAHARIEV,, Ilko YORDANOV Copyright (c) 2020 Psychological Research (in the Balkans) Wed, 10 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0300 School settings and risk behaviors оf school-children in Bulgaria. Results from multilevel analysis <p>The article examines the impact of the school settings on the risk of smoking, drinking, cannabis use, bulling others and the early start of sex life among the teenagers in Bulgaria. Data from the Bulgarian sample of the international study “Health Behavior of School-aged Children – HBSC” (2018) is used. A multilevel analysis (random coefficient mode) is applied to study the variance in students’ risk behaviors, which is due to the school environment in which they study. The results from the analysis confirm that the unfavorable school environment (lack of tolerance, mutual assistance and support among students, lack of attention from teachers, higher stress from lessons and homework) are associated with more frequent manifestations of risk behaviors. In schools where there is greater tolerance for drinking, smoking, cannabis use and bullying individual differences (gender, age, etc.) among children are weakening. The children perceive risky patterns of behaviors as normal and start reproducing them in the process of communication with their classmates.</p> Elitsa DIMITROVA Copyright (c) 2020 Psychological Research (in the Balkans) Wed, 10 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0300 Attitudes toward returning to Bulgaria among emigrants in Turkey depending on their biographical history <p>The article presents the results for the emigrants in Turkey from a survey of the attitudes of Bulgarians living abroad, conducted in 15 countries in order to outline prospects in their intentions to maintain contact and / or return to the country. The research was conducted with a qualitative method - narrative biographical interview, i.e. his idea is that the life stories of emigrants should not be framed by the academic (or political) discourse of researchers. The study involved 10 interviewees who correspond to the main typology that is most common in Turkey - migrants before 1989, after 1989, Bulgarians with mixed marriage or business in Turkey and the so-called. “Constantinople Bulgarians”. The stories confirm the main hypothesis, namely that biographical details determine the difference in the content and emotional load of the assessments on the monitored parameters - identification, motivation for emigration, assessment of the differences between host and country of origin, which in turn affects the readiness to return in Bulgaria. In this case, there is a desire to return to Bulgaria after retirement in some of the groups and many expectations for specific policies to maintain contacts and identity of emigrants.</p> Antoaneta HRISTOVA, Ergyul TAIR, Sezgin BEKIR Copyright (c) 2020 Psychological Research (in the Balkans) Wed, 10 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0300 Optimism and subjective wellbeing influence over the emigrational behavior <p>The article reviews the topic of the optimistic attitude and the feeling of subjective wellbeing<br>concerning the individual’s intention to emigrate in another country. The main theoretical aspects of the<br>given phenomenon are presented, which aspects show a direct connection between optimism, subjective<br>wellbeing and the decision of permanent emigration.</p> Ekaterina DIMITROVA Copyright (c) 2020 Psychological Research (in the Balkans) Wed, 10 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0300 “I have the bowed legs of a failed footballer”: An interpretative phenomenological study of Bulgarian men’s understandings of gender, and masculinity in the UK <p>This article used Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis to examine how individuals living in London and Edinburgh, and originating from Bulgaria, a former meeting point of East and West, understood masculinity and gender. The experience examined was that of being a Bulgarian man in the United Kingdom. The analysis illustrated three themes. They were that Bulgarian men interviewed spoke of doing what they thought was right while adhering to social norms, to conceiving of their bodies as partially an expression of their masculinity, and to the importance that they attached to collective structures. These results indicated some similarities with earlier studies done in the United Kingdom, especially Scotland.</p> Peter PANGAROV, Billy Lee Copyright (c) 2020 Psychological Research (in the Balkans) Wed, 10 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0300 Psychophysiological bases in the activity of the operator <p>Engineering psychology is a sub-discipline of psychology and in particular of applied psychology. Its uniqueness to other similar sciences about the human factor is formed because of the fact that it uses as a theoretical basis the principles of brainwork, ways of processing information and related behavior. The results of psychophysiological researches are used in engineering psychology to optimize human activity in human-machine systemsas well as in ergonomics when designing new technical tools and technologies. Implementing the achievements of the neuroscience allowsthe properly designedautomated technological systems to become effective and reliable. The psychophysiological “portrait” of the operator ismulticomponent characteristic, consisting of many physiological and psychological parameters. These characteristics can be divided into two groups: dynamic, which vary in the process of work activity, and static, uniting the inherent personality traits of the person.</p> Filip FILIPOV Copyright (c) 2020 Psychological Research (in the Balkans) Thu, 10 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0300 Hierarchical perspective toward consumer innovativeness: Direct and mediating links between the separate levels of the construct <p>This article presents the so-called “hierarchical perspective” on consumer innovativeness based on the models of Midgley &amp; Dowling (1978) and Hirschman (1980). An excerpt of 1106 respondents is used, aged 20 to 65 years, randomly selected. The results of the conducted analyses confirm on an empirical level the hierarchical model of the construct in the context of the Bulgarian consumer. In particular, there are statistically significant links between the three levels of consumer innovativeness (inherent, vi- carious and adoptive). The vicarious innovativeness has a more significant impact on the adoptive innovativeness compared to the inherent innovativeness. Only two of its three dimensions (advertising and word of mouth) have predictive capacity with regards to the adoptive innovativeness. Also, the vicarious innovativeness acts as a mediating factor in the causal relationship between the inherent and adoptive innovativeness. In addition, the article offers an interpretation of the results in view of the leading theoretical statements and research in the field.</p> Tatyana YORDANOVA Copyright (c) 2020 Psychological Research (in the Balkans) Thu, 10 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0300 Research on persons the organized crime with the Dark Triad Questionnaire <p>The report presents for the first time in Bulgaria a psychological characteristic of convicted<br>persons from the organized crime, who are subject to effective punishment by imprisonment with the help<br>of the main scales of the Dark Triad questionnaire.</p> <p>For the purposes of the empirical research, the short version of the Dark Triad questionnaire was used,<br>with 27 statements, 9 items each, of the personality characteristics studied: Machiavellianism, narcissism<br>and psychopathy.</p> <p>The statistical processing of empirical data with SPSS includes frequency analysis, comparison of the Dark Triad average values with data of the convictions, the education and the age, as well as the calculation of Pierson‘s correlation coefficient. 30 convicted men were surveyed, 20 of whom were firsttime convicts, and 10 of the prisoners examined had two or more convictions. Of these, 56.6% were over 35 years of age.</p> <p>Under the conditions of penitential isolation, forced cohabitation and total control, such as those in the<br>places of imprisonment, narcissism and psychopathy manifestations in the behaviour of the convicted are<br>limited and they are indirectly realized through Machiavellianism and the manipulative scenarios inherent<br>to it. The increase in the age of prisoners from organized crime further strengthens this trend.</p> <p>The results of the study enrich the views on the psychological characteristics of offenders from<br>organized crime, which are important for the police and penitentiary activities implemented on them.</p> Emil MADZHAROV, Yoana ANDONOVA-TSVETANOVA Copyright (c) 2020 Psychological Research (in the Balkans) Thu, 10 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0300