Vol. 25 No. 3 (2022)
Articles

PSYCHOLOGICAL FITNESS TO DRIVE – A COMPARISON OF PRACTICES IN EUROPE

Published 09/12/2022

Keywords

  • transport psychology,
  • psychological aptitude,
  • fitness to drive,
  • comparative analysis

How to Cite

Totkova, Z. (2022). PSYCHOLOGICAL FITNESS TO DRIVE – A COMPARISON OF PRACTICES IN EUROPE. Psychological Research (in the Balkans), 25(3). Retrieved from https://journalofpsychology.org/index.php/1/article/view/105

Abstract

The report briefly presents the role and place of transport psychology and examines its application in relation to the assessment of psychological fitness to drive. The paper describes the criteria for evaluation of the psychological aptitude to drive in Austria, Germany, Hungary, Portugal, the Czech Republic and Bulgaria and points out the groups of drivers who are subject to such an assessment. The data are compared and analyzed according to the studied parameters and the similarities and differences in the countries are outlined. In conclusion, the report stresses the importance of the psychological assessment of fitness for safe driving behaviour.

References

  1. Тоткова, З. (2021). Транспортна психология. Същност и значение. Бюлетин за безопасност на движението по пътищата, 6, 46-50. [Totkova, Z. (2021). Transport psychology. Nature and meaning. Road Safety Bulletin, 6, 46-50]. (In Bulgarian).
  2. Aniţei, M., Chraif, M., Schuhfried, G., & Sommer, M. (2011). The validation of expert system traffic psychological assessment to romanian driving schools. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 30, 457-464.
  3. Barjonet (2001). Traffic psychology today. Boston, London: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  4. Brieler, P., Chehadi, O., Minge,M. (2015). Medical-psychological assessment of fitness to drive in Germany, Journal of local and global health science, 76.
  5. Clare, S., & Robertson, I. T. (2005). A meta-analytic review of the Big Five personality factors and accident involvement in occupational and non-occupational settings. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 78(3), 355-376.
  6. Dula, C. S., & Ballard, M. E. (2003). Development and evaluation of a measure of dangerous, aggressive, negative emotional, and risky driving. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 33(2), 263-282.
  7. Gangloff B. (1994). La sélection par les tests, EAP, Issy-Les-Moulineaux.
  8. Herle, M. (2009). Personality measurement in traffic psychological assessment. In: W.R. Nickel, G. Meinhard, I. Born (Hrsg). Proceedings zu Fit to drive. 4th International Traffic Expert Congress, 56-61. Bonn: Kirschbaum.
  9. Huffcut A.I., and Arthur, W. (1994). Hunter and Hunter revisited; interview validity for entry-level jobs. Journal of Applied Psychology, 79(2), 184-190.
  10. McDaniel, M.A., Whetzel, D.L., Schmidt, F.L., and Maurer, S.D. (1994). The validity of employment interviews: a comprehensive review and meta-analysis, Journal of Applied Psychology 79(4), 599-616.
  11. Michon, J. A. (1989). Sociale verkeerskunde: Een plaatsbepaling In C. W. F. Van Knippenberg, J. A. Rothengatter, J. A. Michon (Eds.), Handboek Sociale Verkeerskunde, Assen: Van Gorcum.
  12. Müller, K., & Laub, G. (2006). The Medical Psychological Assessment: An Opportunity for the Individual, Safety for the General Public.
  13. Nordfjærn, T., & Rundmo, T. (2013). Road traffic safety beliefs and driver behaviors among personality subtypes of drivers in the Norwegian population. Traffic Injury Prevention, 14(7), 690-696.
  14. Novaco, R.W. (2001) Transportation Psychology. Editor(s): Neil J. Smelser, Paul B. Baltes, In: International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, Pergamon, 15878-15882.
  15. Ozkan, T., Lajunen, T., & Summala, H. (2006). Driver Behaviour Questionnaire: A follow-up study. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 38(2), 386-395.
  16. Poschadel, S., Falkenstein, M., Pappachan, P., Poll, E. & Willmes von Hinkeldey, K. (2009). Testverfahren zur psychometrischen Leistungsprüfung der Fahreignung. Bremerhaven: Wirtschaftsverlag NW.
  17. Schuhfried, G., Sommer, M., Anitei, M., & Chraif, M. (2010). The Validation methodology of a psychological assesment battery for driver's school in Romania. Romanian Journal of Experimental Applied Psychology, 1(1).
  18. Sommer, M., Herle, M., Hausler, J., Risser, R., Schutzhofer, B., and Chaloupka, Ch. (2008). Cognitive and personality determinants of fitness to drive. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 11(5), 362-375.
  19. Sommer, M., Schuhfried, G., Aniţei, M., & Chraif, M. (2010). A model of driving tests battery validation. Studii şi cercetări.
  20. Šucha, M. (2014). Road users’ strategies and communication: driver-pedestrian interaction. Transport Research Arena (TRA), 1.
  21. Sundström, A. (2008). Self-assessment of driving skill: A review from a measurement perspective. Transportation Research part F, 11(1), 1-9.
  22. Ulleberg, P., & Rundmo, T. (2003). Personality, attitudes and risk perception as predictors of risky driving behaviour among young drivers. Safety science, 41(5), 427-443.
  23. Wagner, T., Brenner-Hartmann, J., Seidl, J. Musshoff, F., Hoffmann-Born, H. and Lohr-Schwaab, S. (2014). Assessment of personal resources for safe driving – the principles of medical psychological assessment in Germany. 8th Fit to drive, 19-22.